Chemical fertilizers can help plants grow quickly, with high yields. However, the overuse of chemical fertilizers for a long period of time will cause the soil to lose organic matter, leading to soil degradation and color loss. Therefore, organic fertilizer was born as the best solution to restore the damage of agricultural land. Here are the great advantages of organic fertilizer.
Learn about organic fertilizers
Organic fertilizers are derived from nature, which can be samples of leaves, stems or by-products from agricultural production. In addition, people can also produce organic fertilizer from manure or waste of poultry and livestock. Even from organic matter discharged from seafood factories or households, etc.
Organic fertilizers contain many trace substances that are synthesized in organic form and used in the process of farming and growing agricultural crops.
Classification of organic fertilizers
Organic fertilizers are classified into two main types: traditional organic fertilizers and industrially processed fertilizers.
For traditional organic fertilizers, we have the following types:
- Green manure
- Garbage feces
Other types of organic fertilizers are industrially processed such as:
- Microorganic fertilizer
- Bio-organic fertilizer
- Organic foliar fertilizer
- Mineral organic fertilizer
Some ways to process organic fertilizers
Currently, there are many ways to process organic fertilizer, we would like to introduce one of the most popular methods.
Rough processing method:
This method has been applied by many farmers for generations. You can do it at home with simple steps.
For example: You can compost pigs, cows, chickens to create manure. Compost leaves or twigs for green manure or compost.
Microbiological processing methods:
With this method, engineers will use microorganisms to create feces. The main raw material for making this fertilizer is municipal waste. In addition, non-biodegradable organic substances such as coffee husks, rice husks, tree bark or wood pulp can be used. Finished products created from this technology are often called bio-organic fertilizers.
Refer to OCT . Organic cow manure composting technology
Peat processing method
The method consists of two stages: activation and conditioning. Compost from peat has many uses, one of which is to increase humus for plants. In addition, peat also helps create a favorable environment for microorganisms to thrive, bringing nutrients to plants.
The great uses of organic fertilizers
Supply nutrients to plants
Organic fertilizers often contain many nutrients N, P, K to help plants grow well. In addition, organic fertilizers possess trace elements and intermediates that help plants easily absorb for rapid growth. Compared with chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers will not lose the balance of nutrients and soil color.
The nutrients in organic fertilizers will be broken down slowly to provide essential nutrients for plants for a long time. Plants will receive a complete source of nutrients throughout the growth process.
A special feature of organic fertilizers is the microorganisms that exist in them. These microorganisms have the role of nitrogen fixation, phosphorus decomposition or cellulose decomposition, etc. When fertilizing plants, they will help create a favorable environment and limit harmful microorganisms to plants.
Organic fertilizers help plants grow stably
Organic fertilizers can break down in the soil to form organic acids. They have the effect of stimulating the growth of plant roots, from which the plant can better absorb nutrients. Specialized organic fertilizers can be sprayed on the leaves to stimulate leaf growth.
Increase the quality of crops
Crops, especially fruit trees, often have better quality after being applied with organic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers usually do not have chemical residues compared to inorganic fertilizers, so they are not toxic to us.
Organic fertilizers provide a full range of essential nutrients for plants, help protect the soil, and prevent decay, so it is used by many farmers.
Microbiological balance in the soil
Compost has a high microbial content because it is an ideal field for microorganisms to grow. With a porous and airy texture, it helps retain water and helps balance the amount of microorganisms in the soil. Besides, organic fertilizers also limit the growth of harmful microorganisms, helping plants to grow best.
Anti-erosion, soil washing
In the soil environment, organic substances are mixed with minerals to form an organic-mineral complex. This is a compound that helps prevent erosion and limit soil leaching effectively. The nutrients will be retained in the soil while increasing the texture of the soil, keeping the soil quality intact.
Another use of organic fertilizers is to improve the soil. With soils that are degraded by the use of inorganic or chemical fertilizers can be improved by applying organic fertilizers. This soil improvement method is used by many farmers. They have an impact on the structure of the soil, enhancing the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil. Helps to make the soil more fertile.
Do not pollute the environment
With many types of chemical fertilizers, if used for a long time, in addition to causing damage to the soil, they also make the environment polluted. Organic fertilizers are different. With natural ingredients and the ability to decompose in the soil, organic fertilizer contributes as a smart filter to remove harmful substances in the soil. At the same time, organic fertilizer slowly decomposes to create a fertile soil environment, a place for microorganisms to grow. They help protect the soil environment and are not dangerous to humans.
Help save water
An important property of organic fertilizers is to loosen the soil and retain water. When applying organic fertilizer, farmers can reduce the amount of water for irrigation while the soil still has good moisture. This helps you save water for irrigation, especially in areas with limited water resources and little rain.
Above are the great uses of organic fertilizers. You can learn more about organic fertilizers to apply to your soil. Hopefully, they will contribute to improving crop yields and improving soil quality for you.
In order to capture the needs of growers, the OCT AKK cow manure product processed by modern production lines “Opening Composing Technology (OCT) applying German 4.0 technology was born. Cow manure helps improve the amount of acne, makes the soil loose, increases the quality of landscape crops, planted fruit trees, a great fertilizer solution for townhouses, villas, and apartments. Currently the product is distributed at Green Balcony in Ho Chi Minh City, including Hoc Mon, Cu Chi, Binh Chanh, learn more here: OCT AKK treated organic cow manure