August 11, 2021
3 minutes to read
When the diet is balanced, the body will be healthier and easier to fight off diseases, especially during the current Covid-19 pandemic. Here are some nutritional notes to help F0 isolated at home recover quickly and recover quickly from Covid-19 patients.
Why add electrolytes?
Electrolytes will help Covid-19 patients compensate for the loss of water, limit the secretion of mucus in the trachea, and also replenish minerals for the body’s immune activities, against the virus that causes the disease. Besides, electrolytes also help Covid-19 patients reduce fever.
When should electrolytes be replenished?
When there is a lack of electrolytes, the body will be tired and have muscle fatigue. You may also experience many other symptoms such as thirst, fever, dark urine, dry mouth, increased heart rate, dizziness, headache, etc.
How to replenish electrolytes?
You need to drink enough water during the day. Here are a few ways to make sure you stay hydrated:
- Do not wait until you are thirsty, but every 30 minutes you should drink some water, at least 100ml each time.
- You can use sports drinks, or electrolyte packs mixed with water to provide water with electrolytes and minerals for the body.
- Types of EAAs provide essential amino acids, increase protein synthesis and also support electrolyte compensation
Why do you need to add nutrients?
To be able to continue metabolic activities, the body needs energy (especially in the form of starch) and protein. The high amount of protein will help support the maintenance of muscle fibers. Each day, you will need about 75-100 grams of protein depending on your weight. Some good sources of protein include: meat, fish, milk, eggs, beans.
When infected with Covid-19, the body also needs 400-500 calories more than usual (about 1500-2000 calories).
Supplementing nutrients for F0 and recovering Covid-19 patients
Patients may experience loss of appetite, and difficulty swallowing due to loss of taste or fatigue, leading to loss of appetite. At this time, the meals of the day should be divided into small portions, eaten several times a day.
In case the patient is too tired, unable or very difficult to eat, functional foods will be the solution to help supplement energy and protein. Products that contain at least 150 calories (including 20-30g of protein) per 230ml are most suitable.
Through clinical testing and actual data, some of the following trace substances and minerals have the ability to help fight the symptoms of Covid-19.
(According to the US National Institutes of Health: National Institutes of Health – NIH)
Omega-3 fatty acids
In the UK, 372720 people aged 16-90 who took omega-3 supplements three times a week for at least three months reduced their risk of contracting the SARS-CoV-2 virus by 12 percent. In the US and Sweden, similar results were obtained, with 45757 and 27373 people, respectively. In addition, omega-3 also increased the survival rate of COVID-19 patients in the hospital.
To make sure it’s safe to take an omega-3 supplement, you shouldn’t take more than 2g (including EPA and DHA) in a day.
Probiotics, which can help fight some respiratory infections, contain strains of Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium. When combined with drugs, these strains may assist in reducing symptoms in patients with COVID-19. People who took probiotics also had a lower rate of Covid-19 infection.
Vitamin D may help fight some respiratory infections. Currently, there is a lot of research to see if it helps reduce the risk of Covid-19.