macadamia tree Macadamia or Macadamia is a woody fruit tree belonging to the group of almonds with a hard shell that is used directly for food or for cosmetic confectionery. The kernel of the macadamia nut has an oil content of up to 78% higher than most cashews, peanuts or almonds.
With a high amount of oil, macadamia nuts also have the effect of reducing cholesterol, preventing arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases and blood pressure, supplementing 20 kinds of amino acids and a series of vitamins for the human body.
Should you look after macadamia trees or not?
With the current nutritional and economic value, macadamia is a crop that attracts attention and is expected to contribute to farmers’ poverty escape. However, at present, there is no planning on growing areas for macadamia trees and this is not a tree that can be grown in any land. This point must be noted because the soil is very important for the growth and development of this plant.
Therefore, the spontaneous planting of thousands of macadamia trees will easily fall into the vicious cycle of cutting down one tree and planting another as is still happening. Macca belongs to a plant that likes high humidity, is cool and alternately dry, grows and develops well at a temperature range of 12-30 degrees Celsius, flowering season temperature is from 18-21 degrees Celsius, annual rainfall. 1200 – 2500 mm, 300 – 1200 meters high, the best soil for growing macadamia is light loamy soil with good drainage, deep moist soil layer.
Planting macadamia trees in areas with drizzle, frost or strong winds at the time of flowering also reduces yield. The macadamia tree selected for planting is also something people need to pay attention to, according to farmers, they should use certified varieties and successfully experimented in our country.
Techniques for growing macadamia trees
Fertilizer for macadamia trees
Pest control and yield of macadamia
From the point of view of farmers, the problem of pests and diseases on macadamia trees is not difficult to prevent, common pests such as mealybugs, small trumpetworms, etc. disease-resistant, only use seedlings that meet the standards for exiting the garden and are disease-free.
A number of diseases such as anthracnose, dry tops, pus ooze… people should regularly visit the garden to check for timely interventions.
Growing macadamia is not difficult, the main thing is to find the output for the product because in fact there are many planting and felling of rubber trees, cocoa, coffee … when there is no output for the product or the selling price is low. .
Currently, in many provinces of the Central Highlands, spontaneous planting has occurred with thousands of hectares of macadamia despite the warnings of functional agencies. In DakLak province, the area of macadamia trees is about 800 ha and is mainly grown in coffee gardens, but that is only an incomplete statistics.
According to research, it takes from 4 to 7 years after planting to bear fruit and from 10 years onwards to have a stable income. On the other hand, the consumption and processing of macadamia nuts is on a small scale, so scientists recommend that people should not run after profits and grow macadamia massively.
Although macadamia tree has just been planted in the Central Highlands with a trial area, it has initially shown that the tree can be grown and developed in some ecological regions. About 9 years after planting the macadamia tree, it has harvested 7-9 kg of seeds/tree, especially with some varieties that give > 10kg of seeds/tree with the current value of about 60,000 VND/kg for the value obtained from 180 – 300 million VND/ha.
Despite such profits, before growing macadamia, people pay more attention to factors such as soil conditions, climate, and water sources, they need to take into account the output of the product or the market for consumption. avoid going into the fall like some other crops. In order for macadamia trees to become a great source of profit for farmers, there are still many things to do, such as surveying and announcing suitable planting areas as well as finding a set of standards on farming techniques, investing in processing plants. Research to create quality seed sources…
From the above experiences, I hope you will pay close attention to earn a profit from this macadamia tree. Happy successful people!