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Learn The Most Basic Technique of Cattle Breeding Goats

The model of raising goats in cages is being applied and successful by many farmers. With the characteristics of taking up little space, easy to care for, manage and control diseases, this model will surely continue to be applied and developed by people across the country. But first, you need to understand the technique of raising goats in cages Following are the most basic steps to have a breeding plan with high efficiency, minimizing risks and losses.

Selection of breed goats

Goats are intelligent, easy-to-care animals, considered “the dairy cow of the poor” because it provides a variety of products for human life. Breeding is the first technique that any goat breeder must know to choose the right type of goat for their needs, even the terrain and climate of the region. In addition, choosing good breed goats will reduce the risk rate and increase livestock productivity.

Choosing quality goat breeds will reduce risks and bring high yields
Choosing quality goat breeds will reduce risks and bring high yields

The technique of raising goats in cages focuses on selecting goat breeds based on the following characteristics:

Select breeds with a clear background, the parents themselves must be healthy, eat well, have a balanced body, and be purebred.

Discard those: long head, bare ear hair, straight horns, short neck, small belly, unsteady limbs, untidy claws.

Male goats must be healthy, well-proportioned body, well-developed skeleton, well-developed sex organs, deep and long chest hair, straight back, long and slowly sloping rump. In particular, you should choose male goats in the twin litter.

Meat-oriented female goats must be rectangular in shape. As for dairy goats, the body should be wedge-shaped. Some other characteristics such as: wide hips, wide body, enlarged genitals, enlarged breasts, two nipples 4-6cm long and forward, the hair in the udder is as smooth as possible, No interstitial nipples.

Goat barn

Building goat stables is not too complicated, the materials are simple and easy to find, but people also have to have the techniques to make goat stables, so the management, care and release of the new barn will be most effective. As a goat barn, people need to pay attention to the basic features such as: Location, direction of the barn, area of ​​the barn.

In general, goat stables must be far away from domestic water sources and houses. Around the barn, there are shade trees, but it must be easy to clean and drain.

The best direction of the barn is southeast because it is cool in the summer, avoiding the northeast monsoon.

You can use simple materials to make goat stables
You can use simple materials to make goat stables

People can use simple materials such as wood, bamboo, bamboo shoots, areca tree trunks. coconut tree trunk … to make the barn both cost-effective, cool and clean. The barn must be planned with an area suitable for the total number of livestock to ensure a suitable density of about 0.5m2/head to help the goat herd have the best growth and development space.

In the barn, tools, feeding and drinking trough systems must be installed to provide nutrition but not in excess to save costs and limit pathogens.

Goat food

Feed is the most important factor in the process of raising goats to get rich. The source of food for goats is extremely abundant, readily available, and easy to cultivate. People can make the most of the waste products and by-products of the farming industry, the food processing industry, etc. to meet the feed and growth needs of the goat herd. Their main food sources include: forage, forage and forage. Specifically:

– Forage: trash grass, mouth grass, elephant grass, western grass, water spinach, water spinach, oval leaves, sweet potato strings, jackfruit leaves, crocodile leaves, banana stalks, peanut stalks, corn stalks , grass

– Refined food: Includes cereal grains and their by-products such as: rice, corn, soybean, wheat, sorghum, legumes, peanuts, etc.

Supplemental food: Including vegetables such as carrots, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, and cassava (but there are many toxins in cassava such as HCN acid, so before feeding, people must treat and should not give them food. eat too much). There are also by-products such as: alcohol residue, tofu, molasses, mineral supplements, vitamins, bone meal, oyster powder, table salt.

Green vegetables and grass are the main food of goats
Green vegetables and grass are the main food of goats

Drinking water

She also has to regularly provide water for the goats in the barn. From birth to 2 months of age: about 0.5 liters/day. Goats over 2 months old: need about 5 liters of water/day.

Attention: drinking water, drinking troughs must always be clean, free from dirt to avoid bacteria having the opportunity to penetrate the body and the intestinal tract to cause disease.

In the rainy season, the green food source of goats often contains a lot of water, so at this time they will not require too much water for drinking.

For milking goats, on average 1 liter of milk they will need about 1.3 liters of water, based on the average amount of milk obtained in a day, people can calculate and provide the appropriate amount of water for them.

Goat disease prevention

To prevent diseases for goats, people need to keep the barn clean. Husband raising goats must be well ventilated and dry. Some disinfectants that can be used include:

  • Han Iodin 10%: Spray around the barn when there are no goats. Before spraying, it must be mixed with water into a solution of 1% concentration. For stables with goats, farmers must dilute more with a concentration of 0.5%.
  • There is also Halamid 3%, Hantox 200
  • Sprinkle lime powder around to disinfect and prevent disease for the dike herd.
  • Techniques for raising goats in cages: Vaccination for goats
People should pay attention to periodically check and prevent diseases for goats
People should pay attention to periodically check and prevent diseases for goats

People must regularly check the goat herd to promptly detect, isolate or destroy to avoid spreading to the whole herd. Food and drinking water must always be clean, not stale, moldy, or damaged. For goat farming, farmers need to periodically trim their nails to avoid nail rot and infections. In addition, people need to pay attention to the full vaccination schedule to prevent diseases and increase the resistance of the herd. goats grow fast.

Above are all the basic and most comprehensive techniques of raising goats in cages. Goat farming will bring high economic efficiency if technology is applied. Happy successful people!

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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