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Learn about the types of growing media

The difference between potting soil and 4 . potting mix

Learn about the types of growing media

Learn about the types of growing media

Substrate is a matter of skepticism and surprise for many gardeners. The different types of growing media represent a more complex and larger world than we think. Something that makes sense if we consider that the range of plants with different needs is also very large. And not secondary, choosing the right substrate is crucial for the growth of any plant.

It is important to understand what the different types of media mean for each type of plant. On the one hand, the substrate is the place where plants settle, anchor and grow. To a large extent, plants grow fast or slow, strong or weak depending on the suitability of the substrate. Different types of media are responsible for providing nutrients to the plant, not only because of what they contain but also because they are the means by which the plant absorbs water.

And if these two aspects are already basic, a third party must be added. The different types of media allow to reproduce the natural conditions in which the plant is naturally compatible. One way to ensure that, even artificially, our plants will grow in the environment it needs.

Types of suitable media for each type of plant

Before diving into the details of substrate types, it’s important to understand a few things. Even if we choose the most similar to what our tree would be in the wild, we cannot reproduce this scenario 100%. One of the reasons for this is that in a pot or potted plant, the substrate will always be much more open than in the soil. Something positive for the plant and according to the medium, will have to do with other aspects like porosity or water holding capacity.

Another reason that different types of media differ from natural soil is mainly due to the concentration of organic matter. While in soil, the content is present from 1 to 3%, in different types of media, the content is at least 70%.

Understanding the weight of the substrate, let’s take a look at the differences first in the types of substrates. As a whole, we can say that there are two groups: universal substrates (pre-mixed media) and specific substrates (single media, eg Pine bark, coconut dirt are single media. 7 types of popular media for orchid players). The former is commonly used and is a mixture of peat, perlite and some compost. A substrate can be used, preferably, for any plant. And we speak first because, after a few months and depending on the type of tree, you can request a complete tree according to your needs.

1. Substrate for acidic plants

One of the few types of substrates that is unknown despite being favored. It is necessary for plants such as hydrangeas, azaleas, camellias, or primroses, among others. These plants require a soil with an acidic pH, which is absolutely vital for its growth. As a result, the plant does not wilt: lack of iron in the substrate leads to yellowing of leaves and even death of the plant. To avoid this, there is nothing like betting on a specific substrate for this plant.

2. Substrate for green plants

Green leafy plants are always a great choice for interior plants. Some types require sophisticated cultivation techniques, but most are determined by the important factor that is the soil in which they are grown. Therefore, choose a special and suitable growing medium and soil for each type of tree. Leafy soils often have a balanced NPK formula, which will allow the vigor and health of the plants to be maintained.

3. Media for flowering plants

Flowering is one of the most demanding processes of a plant. A genuine effort that a flowering plant needs to allocate a very high amount of its resources. For this reason, the types of media for flowering plants are basic. Thanks to the high content of bird droppings, a natural fertilizer, they deeply nourish the plants. A natural way to facilitate flowering without weakening the plant.

4. Substrate for cacti and cacti

One of the care and concern succulents that we cannot ignore is the problem of drainage. These plants, accustomed to retaining water in their leaves, cacti are no friend of waterlogging. For that reason and to grow them correctly, among the types of media, you must choose one with a high sand content. A fundamental element for removing excess water from irrigation and thus allowing it to grow at its best.

5. Substrate for the garden

Just like flowering plants, garden plants also have a high demand for nutrients. Only then can they bear fruit. For this reason, garden media should be rich in peat, wormwood and coir. A perfect blend for proper nutrient delivery, aeration and drainage.

6. Media for orchids

7 types of popular media for pine bark orchid playersIn their natural state, most orchids live without a substrate. They often make it hover over trees and other plants that they use as support. To be able to enjoy them at home, make an orchid growing medium on a porous and light substrate. Therefore, the bark is considered ideal. Plus, these types of media allow us to do one basic thing: drain excess water out of the irrigation system. Something basic if we consider the dangers of over-watering orchids.

Learn more about How to mix orchid growing media yourself from single types of media

7. Media for seed beds

Germination and growth are the two most committed moments of any tree planting business. To be able to achieve it, it is not only necessary to perform under the conditions that each seed sets. In addition, what is needed is the type of media that our new plants need to meet their needs. The medium for seedlings is rich in peat and other components. Perlite or coir, which facilitates drainage; An amount of organic fertilizer is added. The ideal mix for precision growing.

8. Substrate for rose bushes

The rose bush is a complex plant and is not suitable for the usual types of media used by flowering plants. Although it is a flowering shrub that is not difficult to grow, it is characterized by strong and vibrant blooms. Among the care of bush roses, we must consider offering a specific type of price. An organic fertilizer mix, usually manure, bark, and potash (Potash, a potassium-rich salt), is essential for the intense flowering we’re looking for.

Tropical Premium rose land

9. Media for bonsai – bonsai

Because of their characteristics, ornamental plants have their own unique needs for media. When living in a small space, they require their composition to be a nutrient-rich mixture with good drainage and moisture retention. In addition, the bonsai substrate has another peculiarity: the low nitrogen content leads to the harmful effects of high phosphorus and potassium concentrations.

Learn about Grow bag of coir growing bags

Please read more articles Learn about different types of growing media – part 2

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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