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Learn about high-tech pepper cultivation techniques in our country

Not only does the cultivation of vegetables or fruit trees with high technology bring high yield and quality, but also industrial plants have the same effect. Recently, people in the Central Highlands are extremely excited when high-tech pepper growing techniques have been gradually applied with great success. Through the following article, we would like to introduce it to readers High-tech pepper cultivation techniques in our country today. Let’s learn, learn and experience together.

What do you know about high-tech pepper growing techniques in our country?
What do you know about high-tech pepper growing techniques in our country?
  1. Brief introduction of pepper plant

In our country, pepper is an industrial crop found mainly in the Central Highlands and Southeast region with a high selling price compared to many other industrial crops. In recent years, due to the increasing demand for domestic consumption and export of pepper, the area of ​​pepper cultivation has also continuously expanded significantly.

The characteristics of pepper are climbing plants, clinging to grow and develop. In particular, pepper is a plant that needs water but cannot tolerate waterlogging. Therefore, the requirement for fresh pepper requires a very careful calculation.

Harvesting pepper plants for the first time is about 2 to 3 times per year, in the long run, it can be harvested annually for stable annual output.

Pepper is a climbing plant, clinging to grow and develop
Pepper is a climbing plant, clinging to grow and develop
  1. How is the technique of growing high-tech pepper in our country?

High-tech pepper cultivation techniques in our country are mainly conducted based on the steps of selecting varieties, designing planting plots, pepper posts, applying modern irrigation equipment and fertilizers, and preventing diseases.

Choose varieties

First, to ensure the yield and quality of pepper, one must proceed from the initial selection of varieties. The pepper varieties grown must be selected through selection, which can be domestic or imported pepper varieties.

Some popular domestic pepper varieties such as red ground pepper, fat pepper, Phu Quoc pepper or Vinh Linh pepper. Imported pepper such as Indonesian, Indian or Cambodian pepper, …

Currently meeting high standards are the varieties of Pannijur-1, Vinh Linh and Lada Belangtoeng. All 3 are varieties of pepper with high yield, good quality, less infection during growth and development.

Design planting plots and pepper posts

After having good seeds, people continue to prepare the soil, design planting plots and pepper posts to create the best growing environment for plants.

Similar to other industrial crops, the soil must be fertile and rich in nutrients. If it is bad soil, it needs to be improved before planting.

Regarding the planting plot, it is necessary to design in accordance with the pepper pillar:

  • Concrete cast pillars: design 1800 – 2000 pillars per hectare, the distance between the pillars is 2.2 x 2.5m or 2 x 2.5m
  • Brick pillars: square brick pillars designed 1500 – 1600 pillars per hectare, the distance between square brick pillars is 2.5 x 2.5m. Round brick pillars are designed with 1000 – 1100 pillars per 1 hectare, the distance between round brick pillars is 3 x 3m .
  • Live pillars: use plants as pillars for pepper. Depending on the type of tree with the canopy and the ability to grow, design a reasonable distance and number of pillars
Design suitable planting plots and pillars
Design suitable planting plots and pillars

Apply high-tech watering equipment

As we mentioned, pepper is a plant with special water requirements. Plants have high water requirements, the base of the tree must always be moist but cannot receive too much water. Therefore, high-tech watering equipment using automatic drip irrigation method becomes the ideal irrigation solution.

However, automatic drip irrigation systems also need to operate at the right time to bring the highest efficiency. Specifically, it should not be operated in the rainy season, in the dry season, it should only be operated most in the early morning or afternoon when the sun is out.

To increase the ability to retain moisture for pepper, methods of composting straw, rice straw, rice husks or industrial waste around the base can be used.

Fertilizer and pest control

Fertilizer and pest control are two important issues that farmers pay great attention to when growing pepper.

Currently, in order for plants to absorb nutrients best, people mainly use water-soluble fertilizers and spray evenly for pepper. Many experts also recommend pepper growers to learn about some types of probiotics for long-term quality.

Besides, pepper is very susceptible to mass infection if pathogens are not detected in the garden in time. Therefore, when detecting diseased plants, growers need to cut down or prune branches to promptly prevent the spread.

Application of high technology in irrigation and care helps to increase the yield
Application of high technology in irrigation and care helps to increase the yield

In general, after applying high technology to growing and caring for pepper, it brings better results in terms of both yield and quality. Therefore, the State also encourages local people to gradually change direction to contribute to the development of the whole people’s economy.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaney
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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