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Instructions for brooding chicks from 1-3 weeks old

Instructions for brooding chicks from 1-3 weeks old
Instructions for brooding chicks from 1-3 weeks old

Chicken brood and care chicken Newly hatched is one of the most important stages in chicken raising techniques, which can affect up to 80% of the efficiency of the breeding process. However, many farmers still subjectively underestimate the importance of this stage, leading to making small mistakes that greatly affect the productivity and quality of chickens. Hopefully our article below will help you fill in the missing information in the field of raising newly hatched chicks and fast growing chick brooding techniques.

Elements to prepare

Chicken coop

Chicken brooder
Chicken brooder

Before bringing in newly-hatched chicks, people should choose a location to build the coop so that the coop is at the windward end, isolated from the adult chicken area to avoid spreading the disease from big chickens to chicks. The cage must have a roof, ensure it is dry, free from rain and drafts, and have a net or coop at least 45cm high to avoid animals such as mice or cats from attacking the chickens.

People note to clean the cage area, wash the floor of the cage and disinfect it thoroughly with Formol 2%, Crezin or Hanlamid medicine. Next, you should spread a layer of rice husk 10-15cm thick to fill the cage, install a dedicated feeder and drinker for the chicks. When the preparation stage of the barn is completed, people proceed to release the newly hatched chickens into the coop with the density by week of age as shown in Table 1 below:

Table 1: Density of barns by week of age

Weeks of ageAverage density (individual/m2)
Minimum densityMaximum density
first30 – 3530 – 45
220 – 2525 – 30
315 – 2020 – 25
412 – 1515 – 20

See more: Techniques for raising chickens in cages with few diseases – economic efficiency

Heating temperature and lighting time

Heating the chicks
Heating the chicks

If chicks are hatched and cared for in a natural way, the mother hen will take over the task of warming the chickens to help them adapt to changes in environmental temperature. Therefore, the brooding house needs to be provided with an appropriate amount of heat by using heating lamps or fuels such as gas, kerosene, etc. to prevent the chickens from being too hot or too cold.

Using infrared light bulbs to heat chicks is a popular and convenient method, and it’s also good for the health of the chickens. To know the most suitable bulb temperature, coop temperature and humidity for the chicken flock, please follow the table 2 below:

Table 2: Temperature and humidity of cages by week of age

Weeks of ageTemperature under the lamp (C)barn temperature (C)Humidity (%)
first33 – 3527 – 2960 – 75
231 – 3325 – 2760 – 75
329 – 3123 – 2560 – 75
427 – 2924 – 2560 – 75

Lighting time and light intensity are also very important factors for chicks. Light increases the chicken’s need to absorb food, stimulates the body to grow without reducing the efficiency of feed use. People can use infrared light bulbs, both for heating and for lighting, to hang the light along the barn about 2.5m from the background with the light intensity as follows:

Table 3: Time and intensity of house lighting by week of age

Weeks of ageLighting time (hour/day)Illumination intensity (W/m2)
first17 – 225
211 – 143
38 – 112

Chicken feed

For chicks 1 day old after hatching, the chicken’s body can provide itself with nutrients, so you don’t need to eat, you just need to add drinking water with 50g of Gluco: 1g Permasol 500: 1g Vitamin C dissolved with 1 liter of water.

Chicken feed
Chicken feed

After the first day, the chicks must be fed so that the body gets enough nutrients and avoids death. Please look to buy at animal feed dealers special bran that is processed to suit the digestive ability of chicks.

A day, people feed chickens 5-6 times to stimulate chickens to eat more, pour the food about 0.5-1cm thick because the chicks eat while digging, pouring a lot will waste, moreover, it will make the food to be stored for a long time. poor quality.

After the first week, the chicks can eat green foods such as clover, clover, and lettuce as long as the vegetables are finely minced and stirred well. At this time, people reduce the frequency of feeding to 3-4 times/day.

The amount of nutrients to supplement for chicks is decided based on the growth rate of each chicken breed and the purpose of raising the farm. To know more about your chickens should have a reasonable diet, please refer to Table 4 below.

See more: How to make a manual incubator in chicken farming

Table 4: Nutritional requirements of chicks in the first 2 weeks

NutritionChicken breed
Industrial broiler chickenColored broiler chickenThe hen has an egg
ME (Kcal)300030003000
Crude Protein (%)222020
Calcium (%)1.11.01.0
Useful phosphorus (%)0.60.60.6
Lysine (%)1.21.01.0
Methionine (%)0.5 – 0.60.4 – 0.50.4 – 0.5

Prevention for chicks

The resistance of chicks is still weak, susceptible to diseases caused by bacteria, rancid food, too hot or too cold environment. In addition to disinfecting the nursery that we mentioned above, in the first 3 days of bringing home chickens, people should give chickens water-soluble antibiotics along with vitamins A, D, E and Bcomplex to prevent prevent some common diseases such as typhoid, E.coli, CRD and umbilical inflammation.

Until the chickens were 7 days old, the small relatives gave the chicken pox and Lasota. At 14 days old, people can mix Neomycin antibiotic in chicken feed with the ratio of 1g antibiotic: 1kg feed. At 24 days of age, relatives continued to small Lasota repeats to keep the chickens healthy.

Happy successful people!

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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