14.2 C
New York
Monday, May 20, 2024

Buy now

spot_img

Important elements to have in organic soil

organic soil

Soil and soil are the most important factors that directly affect plant growth and yield. Especially in organic farming, the issue of soil and soil is a top priority. Therefore, when cultivating organically, the soil needs to meet certain factors. So what are the important elements to have in organic soil? Let’s find out with Agri!

Organic soil

main content

Important elements to have in organic soil for farming

Whether farming by traditional methods (using soil) or modern methods (without using soil), the issue of nutrient-rich, disease-free soil or substrate is always the first concern. Because this is where plants get nutrients to grow and develop. Important elements to have in organic soil include:

1/ Organic soil is not affected by toxic waste sources

The land selected to start or convert to organic farming or organic soil production area needs to be far away or isolated from pollution sources such as factories, industrial zones, residential wastewater sources, waste from factories, factories, far away from hospitals, landfills, construction sites, on main roads… to avoid contamination of air, water and harmful microorganisms from these sources of pollution. .

2/ Near a clean water source with lots of sunlight

The cultivation place must be well ventilated and receive a lot of sunlight so that the plants do not suffer from lack of sunlight and stunted growth. At the same time, the chosen place should be near a clean water source to ensure there is always enough water for irrigation

3/ Ability to drain water

A good soil for farming is one that drains and holds water at the right level. Soil has poor water holding capacity, poor moisture retention makes the soil susceptible to aridity, causing water to evaporate quickly and lose a lot. Leads to a situation of providing a lot of water but the plants cannot absorb it.

If the soil has a high water holding capacity, it is easy to cause waterlogging of roots and poor soil structure leading to compaction and clumping. Therefore, nutrients are difficult to distribute, plants are poorly absorbed..

4/ Cultivation nutrition

Soil needs to ensure full of elements in terms of multi-, medium-, and micro-nutrient composition such as (16 elements): C, H, O, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Zn, …. These are all substances that participate in the composition of the main organic substances in the plant, or are necessary catalysts for the synthesis of matter and physiological processes in the plant.

In addition, good soil also has a high proportion of humus and organic matter in the soil, natural microorganisms in the soil are diverse to help plants metabolize substances effectively. In particular, do not use chemical fertilizers, growth stimulants and pesticides mixed into the soil. Organic animal manure mixed in the soil must be hot composted before being put into use.

If the soil source has not really ensured the necessary nutrients for plants, it is advisable to improve and convert by natural methods such as: planting cover crops, planting legumes, supplementing with organic fertilizers, etc. … Land reclamation time will depend on the current soil quality.

Apply effective land reclamation measures

Before cultivation, the soil should be tilled so that the soil is porous, has high aeration, good drainage, and avoids the condition of the soil being tight. Measures can be applied such as: plowing, plowing, intercropping, rotating crops, etc.

6/ Create a buffer zone to isolate organic soil and other farming areas

In organic farming, it is necessary to ensure that the planting area is separated from other farming areas to ensure the safety of the ingredients in soil, water, and air. The commonly applied method is to create an isolation buffer zone, this area can be applied to grow grass, flowers, and other crops to increase income or prevent harmful insects.

7/ Limiting the influence of wind on plants

If the area is windy, it is necessary to have a fence or wall and a net house can be used to ensure that the crops are not affected. Biological barriers can be used with plants that are taller than cultivated crops to avoid wind-borne diseases as well as the movement of insects. Using net house is the best way to protect crops.

Organic soil
Organic farming land

8/ Soil is not contaminated by chemical fertilizers and heavy metals

Not all land can grow organic agricultural products, because the cultivated land in the cultivation process has been fertilized with many types of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, etc. Over time, the residues of substances This accumulated in the soil, over time, the more the soil increases, the more the soil becomes degraded and lacks nutrients.

Therefore, when the soil is contaminated with too many chemical elements, it will lead to acidic soil, no longer porosity, and poor water permeability and retention. Not to mention the number of microorganisms in the soil is also gradually decreasing, the soil lacks humus, becomes inert soil, so it cannot be cultivated anymore.

At the same time, the residue of chemical substances in the soil has the potential to affect the quality and safety of the product. This is one of the most important criteria when evaluating soil before organic farming.

To switch to organic farming, it takes time to “convert” the land to certain standards, so it is necessary to plan it into a specialized land for crops for organic production.

In organic farming, there are many factors, but soil is one of the most important factors, contributing to the success of an area or the main crops in organic production. In short, if you want to produce organic agriculture, you should start right from taking care of the soil.

Bagged organic soil for sale on the market

For bagged organic soil on the market, it also needs to meet the same requirements as cultivated organic soil:

  • Do not use chemical fertilizers, growth promoters and pesticides mixed into the soil.
  • Animal manure mixed in the soil must be heated before being put to use.
  • Municipal waste is not used as a raw material for the production of organic soil.
  • Bags and containers of organic soil must meet organic standards to be used.
  • Organic soils must completely remove heavy metals, residual chemicals and products containing GMOs from the soil before being put to use.

Currently, there are many products labeled organic and clean soil, but the quality has not been tested. When used, it is easy to clump after a period of time, so it is recommended to mix more rice husk ash or perlite to increase porosity, drainage and aeration for the soil.

After the incubation time from coir and the necessary materials, the soil must be tested with many rigorous steps to remove heavy metals, chemical residues or other impurities to be called organic soil.

(6 homemade potting mix recipes for the home garden)

As can be seen, when using high-quality organic soil and following the principle of clean agriculture meeting organic standards, you will not have to worry about the safety of food and agricultural products after harvest. , ensure the health of users.

Source: sfarm.vn

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest Articles