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Immediately pocket the ways to take care of papaya trees for high yield

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Immediately pocket the ways to take care of papaya trees for high yield - Agri.vn
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Beautiful papaya garden

Papaya is a tropical fruit tree, widely grown in many places. Papaya is not only a delicious fruit but also a valuable remedy to help people stay healthy. Therefore, papaya trees are becoming more and more popular and widely cultivated. In addition, planting techniques and how to take care of papaya tree It is not difficult, but still gives high productivity and economic efficiency

How to take care of papaya plants

-Remove diseased plants to avoid spreading to other plants.

-Where the dry season is long, there is a lack of water, so the way to take care of the papaya tree at this time is to water and keep the tree moist. It is best to compost the roots with straw, straw, or hay to keep moisture.

How to take care of papaya trees: pruning leaves and branches
How to take care of papaya trees: pruning leaves and branches

-Usually every 30-45 days should weed, prune flowers, leaves once. It is recommended to use fresh soil in plowed fields, dried pond mud around the base, or good alluvial soil. When the tree produces a lot of fruit and flowers, it is necessary to regularly prune the poor fruit, bad flowers, and remove the clusters of fruits that are too thick. Any papaya tree that is over 3m tall in a well-ventilated place should be pruned so that the branching tree does not rise high.

– In cold climates, measures should be taken to preserve fruit.

The way to take care of papaya trees in the dry season is to compost straw around the base of the tree to help keep it warm. The following year, papaya trees often grow poorly, so choose and leave the strong ones, remove the weak ones and replace them with new ones. The care regime next year is no different from the previous year.

How to take care of papaya trees: stick stakes around the tree to keep the tree from falling
How to take care of papaya trees: stick stakes around the tree to keep the tree from falling

-Plug the stake: This is a very necessary papaya tree care in the rainy season. Usually papaya is planted straight, when there is a storm, you have to stick a stake against the wind, use 3 cross stakes or 1 pole to plug straight and then firmly tie the papaya tree to the stake. During the period of heavy fruiting and encountering storms, it is advisable to cut down some old leaves near the base, reduce wind resistance, and prevent falling or breaking.

-Pruning and picking fruit: After sowing, if the main stem grows many branches, it must be cut off early. During the fruiting period, the fruit must be promptly removed from pests and diseases, the old leaves must be cut off the stem. Therefore, this is how papaya tree care should be done regularly to prevent pests and protect the tree.

How to take care of papaya plants: fully water the plant
How to take care of papaya plants: fully water the plant

Watering: Papaya is a plant that needs a lot of water but is very afraid of waterlogging. Therefore, the indispensable way to take care of papaya trees is to provide adequate water for the tree in the dry season and good drainage for the tree in the rainy season or when it is waterlogged or flooded.

– Root box: Using straw or dry grass around the base in the dry season is an indispensable way to take care of papaya trees to keep moisture and keep the right temperature for the tree.

Weeding: Weeds compete for nutrients and provide shelter for pests. So the way to take care of the necessary papaya tree at this time is to weed regularly around the base of the tree.

Fertilization

How to take care of papaya plants: Fertilize the tree
How to take care of papaya plants: Fertilize the tree

Papaya has fruit all year round, so fertilizing is the most effective way to take care of papaya to provide nutrients for plants to grow flowers and fruits. In addition to priming before planting, it is recommended to apply organic fertilizers, nitrogen, phosphate fertilizers, potassium fertilizers, in which attention should be paid to phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. The amount of fertilizer for 1 tree is as follows:

– The first year: manure 10-15kg + 0.3-0.5kg urea + 0.5-1kg super phosphate + 0.2-0.3kg potassium sulfate.

– Second year: 15-20kg manure + 0.3-0.4kg urea + 1-1.5kg super phosphate + 0.3-0.4kg potassium sulfate.

– Periods of fertilizing plants: 1.5-2 months after planting or at the beginning of the rainy season (2nd year) apply all manure, 30% phosphate fertilizer, 30% nitrogen fertilizer. When plants flower: 30% nitrogen fertilizer, 30% phosphate fertilizer and 50% potassium fertilizer. After collecting the first fruit (about 7-8 months after planting) apply 20% nitrogen fertilizer, 40% phosphate fertilizer, 20% potassium fertilizer.

– When fertilizing, you should tattoo the soil, spread fertilizer in combination with rooting to cover the tree. Can also divide fertilizer several times. Fertilizer sessions combined with weeding to root the trees. Fertilize 3 times in the first year: the first time after 4-6 weeks of planting, the second time when the tree bears fruit, the third time when the fruit is large.

Pest control

How to care for papaya: fertilize to avoid yellow and curly leaves
How to take care of papaya plants: fertilize to avoid yellow and curly leaves

During the growth process, papaya often suffers from some pests such as mealybugs, jumping beetles, red spiders. When the density is much, it is possible to spray Decis 2.5 ND (concentration of 0.1%), Trebon (1%) to eradicate. Prevention of curl virus disease should apply integrated preventive measures such as: Using resistant varieties. Do not plant 2 consecutive crops on the same foot of the field. Thorough rotation with water crops. With diseases of yellow spot, anthracnose, powdery mildew… should be prevented early when new diseases arise, using Topsin, Daconil or Zineb, Mancozeb drugs to spray.

Harvest: After 7 months of planting, papaya can be harvested for green vegetables, 9 months for ripe fruit to be eaten fresh. If the fruit is harvested to eat fresh, it should be collected when spots or light yellow stripes appear on the fruit (physiological ripeness), after a few days the fruit will be fully ripe, the quality will be the best. If harvested earlier (physiologically immature fruit), the edible fruit will have a pale taste, reducing commercial value.

With this papaya tree care, it will be harvested all year round, the average yield can reach 70 – 120kg / tree / year.

See more: What techniques do you need to take care of papaya trees to make them bear fruit?

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