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If you want to go up from raising chickens, you have to know the following technique

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If you want to go up from raising chickens, you have to know the following technique

Evil chicken

Evil chicken At first hearing the name, it looks fierce and cruel, but in fact this is a pretty “easygoing” pet that consumes little food and has a short rearing time. Raising chickens is currently a choice, a new direction in the enrichment of farmers. In order to raise chickens effectively and economically, farmers need to master the following farming techniques. Here are two methods of raising chickens: caged and free-range.

Characteristics of the evil chicken

live
evil chicken

The characteristic of the evil chicken breed is that the white feathers are not smooth, but especially the skin, eyes, meat, legs and bones are all black. Evil chickens are often confused between evil chickens with black chickens or confused with chicken, bamboo chicken

Reproduction: Evil chickens reach sexual maturity early when they are only 110 to 120 days old. Yield: 70 to 80 fruits per year.

Nutritional value

Evil chicken is a species that has many uses because of its high nutritional value. According to Oriental medicine, evil chicken has the effect of tonic liver, kidney, blood, menstrual activity, diabetes … Chicken also contains essential amino acids for the body, including lysine, methionine, histidine, which helps regulate the ability to body immunity and anti-aging, should be considered as a nutritional remedy for every home.

evil frequency chicken soup
Evil frequency chicken soup

Opportunity comes from raising evil chickens

Currently, many localities of Vietnam are developing commercial chickens of different sizes together.

raise evil chickens
Raising evil chickens

For raising evil chickens, the capital cost is only 1/3 of the white chicken, while the rearing time is only half. Therefore, farmers will quickly recover capital and profits. In addition, raising evil chickens also has little to worry about the price of feed, because young chickens consume less bran. Within just over a month, the breeder can recover both capital and profit to raise another litter.

Besides that, there are also difficulties. Typically, purebred chicken breeds do not tolerate extreme weather, too hot or too cold, especially in winter, if the barn is wet, drafty and not warm enough, chickens are very susceptible to diseases.

The technique of raising evil chickens

Choose a breed of chickens

raise evil chickens
Purebred chicken

Should choose chickens that are agile, fluffy, have a compact belly, fat legs, and bright eyes. Avoid buying chickens with bent legs, crooked beaks, open navel, weak …

Choose chicken with beak, meat, black skin, legs with 5 toes.

Note: Check the price before buying, currently the average selling price of breeding chickens is from 4,000 to 6,000 VND/head.

There are 2 evil chicken breeds today evil chicken and purebred chicken. Hybrid chickens are often raised in an industrial environment with a large number of individuals, fed in the form of industrial bran feeding. But if raising for meat, the breeder should choose purebred chicken because the meat is better.

The technique of raising evil chickens in cages

Evil chicken coop

Direction: East or Southeast to catch the morning sun and avoid the afternoon sun.

raise evil chickens
Farms Raise evil chickens

– The floor of the barn is made of thin mesh or bamboo, 0.5 m above the ground to ventilate, dry, and easy to clean.

– Fencing around the garden with B40 net, nylon net, bamboo, wood … depending on the farming conditions of each household.

– Prepare feeder: There are 2 types of feeders: round troughs and long troughs. In addition, chicks raised for the first 28 days need a feeding tray.

Before starting the new batch, it is recommended to disinfect, disinfect the barn and ensure the isolation time between batches is about 1 week.

The temperature must ensure the following conditions

Chickens in the stage of just hatching until the end of the first week must be kept in a closed coop and heated by electricity 24/24 to ensure the temperature is always at 37-38 degrees Celsius. And chickens in the 2nd week onwards until the time of sale just need to make sure Make sure the temperature in the barn is above 30 degrees Celsius.

Light must be enough

The first 3 weeks of chicks need lighting 24/24, after 4-6 weeks, it will be gradually reduced to 16 hours, from 7-8 weeks using natural light to ensure the intensity of 3W/m2 is enough.

Drinking water must be clean

Need to give chickens clean water, should mix 5% glucose in drinking water in the first days. Use warm water for chickens to drink. Using automatic water trough helps them drink conveniently, avoiding spillage to wet the cage. Just feed the chickens after giving them a drink.

Nutritious food

Food must be balanced to ensure adequate nutrients for the development needs of each stage. The rations can mix a variety of ingredients, use animal and plant protein supplements, premix trace minerals and vitamins.

Care technique

Stage 0 to 1 week old

At this stage, the internal organs, especially the digestive system, are not yet complete, the stomach muscles have not been able to digest hard foods, and the digestive system is not complete. Therefore, it is necessary to create the best conditions for them to grow fast and healthy.

It is necessary to arrange a heating cap because the chicks after hatching are not able to regulate their body temperature. Can be heated by electricity (mayso wire and heating hood) or by infrared light. Depending on the number of 1-day-old chicks and the temperature of the coop, arrange a reasonable heating system.

Chicken coop: Chicken coop is used to brood chicks for the first 14 days. Material made of pressed cork, plastic sheet or iron mesh, height 50-60cm, diameter 1.5 – 2m. Each cage can hold 100-130 chicks a day old is best, should not raise many because if the chickens are crushed, piled up will cause many deaths.

Cage litter: must be able to absorb moisture, can use shavings, rice husks, hay or chopped dry straw. The litter must be dried and sprayed with 2% forocmol.

The stage of broilers and gilts

Implement a restrictive diet with low-nutrient feed, avoid feeding chickens with a lot of fat, which will affect fertility later on. Comply with the prescribed level of food and body weight according to the weeks of age.

In order for the chickens to be uniform, when feeding, it is necessary to ensure 10-12 chickens/trough for long troughs, 15-16 chickens/trough for round troughs. Trough drink 10-12 fish/tray.

Padded cage: need to ensure a thickness of 6-7cm.

Light: natural light.

This period can be combined with grazing to take advantage of more food available in nature, helping chickens exercise more to improve health.

Chickens in reproductive stage

Breeding cage: Make sure the cage is 8-10cm thick, need a curtain to avoid rain, husk or shavings 10-12cm thick, avoid direct light.

Lighting: increase illumination to 16 hours/day by using natural and artificial light

Selectivity, density: select hens to lay show sexual expression by the shine of feathers, crests, feathers close to the body, do not bring disabled chickens to lay. Stocking density of 4-5 fish/m2

Food and baking drinks: Ensure good quality, not stale, especially need to add shell powder 2-3 times more than the previous stages to create eggshells. It is possible to use 8-10% of sprouted grain in feed to ensure fertility and embryo ratio.

The amount of feed a day depends on the laying rate of chickens, must be calculated 1-2 weeks in advance. When laying hens are high, the amount of feed must be increased and vice versa.

Drinking water must be clean enough and must be changed 2-3 times a day.

The technique of raising evil chickens in the garden

Breeding cages: Raising the garden, the villagers also have to build a coop for chickens to eat and sleep. The cage needs to meet the requirements.

Conditions: Spacious hill garden area

Care technique

Breeding chickens like raising commercial chickens. Free-range chickens often eat organic food, so after 2 hours in the incubator, feed the chickens with corn bran. Provide drinking water as soon as chickens are released into the cage.

raise evil chickens
Raising chickens in the garden

After about 3 weeks of age, people started to release chickens into the garden. Note that when applying the technique of raising chickens, first release a few hours, then gradually increase the time for the chickens to acclimate to the environment.

When the chickens are completely free in the garden all day, the main food for chickens is corn, rice, green vegetables and let the chickens find food on their own. Pay attention to the chicken to drink enough water and hygienic. Feeding troughs are placed under the shade in the grazing garden.

Prevention in the process of raising chickens

raise evil chickens
Evil chicken

In the process of raising chickens, care should be taken to vaccinate chickens against diseases. From 3 to 5 days old, prevent epidemic with IB drug 1 dose/child. Chickens 7-10 days old prevent Gumboro disease 1 dose/child into the eyes. Chickens 21 days old prevent cholera.

In addition, people should prevent coccidiosis with some drugs such as anticoc, Acicoc, or ESB at the time of chickens 10-13 days old and 18-20 days old.

However, people note that they should stop using the drug about 10 days before selling to avoid affecting the quality of chicken.

Above are all the techniques of raising evil chickens with high efficiency, farmers should pay attention. Besides, it is necessary to ensure the care for chickens to always be healthy, grow quickly, and limit pathogens harmful to chickens.

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