Horses are dual-use livestock that are very useful to farmers. They can be used to transport goods, participate in sports activities and are a rich source of nutrients. So horse breeding techniques How is that good?
Design techniques for horse stables
People should design a barn with two roofs to create ventilation and avoid rain. The roof can be covered with brush or pro cement.
Horse stables can be built with bricks or make use of other available materials such as bamboo, wood, and cork. In the cage, there is a window design, 1.5-1.8 meters from the floor of the barn.
The floor of the barn should be tiled to protect the horseshoe well. The slope of the barn floor is 1-2% compared to the drain in the barn.
The front of the barn and the sides of the barn, designed 2-3 open to facilitate horse care. Each compartment is spaced 40-45 cm apart.
If the stables are breeding, it is necessary to add small screens to prevent the foals from getting out.
In the barn, there should be a feeder and a drinker for the horse. Feeding and drinking troughs are about 1 meter high, so that the horses can eat and drink conveniently.
Depending on the conditions, people can make different wide and narrow barns, but need to ensure a moderate density, suitable for living horses. For horses after weaning from 6-12 months, the average density is from 1.5-2m2/head.
For horses over 1 year old, the average density is from 5-6 m2/head. Horses kept in the same barn should be uniform in condition to avoid the situation of small horses being injured by large horses. In addition, people also need to pay attention to pregnant horses or mother horses that are raising children, which need to be kept separately in a cage.
Horse playground design
The playground is designed with the barn. The playground has a height of 1.2 -1.5m, surrounded by horizontal bars (can be wooden, sturdy water pipes ..) or mesh (make sure not to injure horses).
The average density is 2m/individual.
How to choose a breed of horse
- Based on background, pedigree: choose horses with healthy parents, fertility, good working.
- Based on physical characteristics: healthy, balanced, without deformities. Eyes big round, fast sharp; swinging, flexible hands; straight ankles, round nails; uniform coat color; Normal genitalia. In addition, depending on the purpose of use, you can choose the breed with suitable characteristics. For example, if you choose a horse to carry your goods, choose your child with short, big legs and moderate length. If you choose a horse to ride, choose your child with long, small and tall legs.
– The time to select varieties to conduct seed selection is from the age of 6 months.
Normally, horses are left out in the yard every day and can earn 40% of the food they need. Therefore, when horses are in stables, people need to supplement with an amount of food equivalent to 60% of their needs, including roughage and concentrate.
Forage such as elephant grass, grass TD 58, agricultural by-products such as corn stalks, groundnut leaves, and yarrow. In winter, fresh forage is scarce, people can prepare dry straw to make dry forage for horses.
Note: People should feed horses with a combination of grasses, not just one type of grass, using a lot of grass containing a lot of horse juice will cause stomach pain.
Note when feeding dry forage, the ratio of replacing 1 dry forage with 3 fresh forage. In addition to raw food, people need to add refined food for horses. This is an important source of food to help provide nutrients for the horse to develop better. People can use dried starchy foods such as mixed bran, rice bran or fresh tubers such as corn, potatoes, and cassava.
For cassava, only used as food for horses in winter, when the tree has shed its leaves because at this time the amount of resin has decreased, avoiding poisoning the horse. Before feeding the horse, it should be peeled, chopped, soaked in water for 30 minutes.
Instructions on how to feed the Horse
When the foal is 3 months old, start feeding the pony to synthetic bran and young grass. People put food in a small feeder in the pony stable and feed it freely.
For horses after weaning from 6 months to 1 year, feed roughage equal to 15-20% of body weight and supplement 1 kg of concentrate/day.
For horses over 1 year, feed roughage equal to 12-15% of body weight and supplement 1.5 kg of concentrate/day. For pregnant and nursing horses, it is necessary to increase the amount of concentrate to about 2 kg / head / day. People divide food for horses to eat for breakfast and dinner.
Methods of disease prevention for Horses
To prevent diseases for horses, it is necessary to do good cleaning of the barn: whitewash twice a year or spray 2% Crizin disinfectant, 3 times a year.
Common diseases in horses are blood-borne parasites, gastrointestinal parasites.
- Prevention of blood-borne parasites: Use Azidin, mixed with 7% solution, injected twice a year.
- Prevention of gastrointestinal parasites: + For foals: when the horse is 21 days old, vaccinate for the first time; When horse 90 days, injection repeat. Use Levamixon 7%, 1ml/15kg body weight, intramuscular injection.
+ For adult horses, also use levamixon 7% or Hemectin to vaccinate against diseases, periodically 1 to 2 times a year.
Periodic disease prevention is a very important step in the breeding process. Good disease prevention not only helps horses develop well but also helps breeders reduce risks and increase economic efficiency.
AgriSearch.net hopes that readers have learned good horse breeding techniques for themselves! Apply these horse breeding techniques to develop a productive farm.