Hoa Loc sand mango has fascinated consumers because of its plump appearance, sweet aroma and firm flesh inside. But this is considered a difficult plant to tame, difficult to grow, and is known as a tree that does not favor the sun and does not bear the rain. Find out with Agri Hoa Loc sand mango planting technique to produce sweet fruit, high yield, pocket billions in a moment!
Hoa Loc sand mango – a characteristic of the Mekong Delta
As the name suggests, this mango originates from Hoa Loc commune. Referring to the Mekong Delta, this type of mango cannot be ignored. Hoa Loc sand mango has many advantages in appearance and quality, so Hoa Loc sand mango has a higher price than other mangoes. Hoa Loc sand mango with elongated shape, round body, but sharp at the top. When ripe, the fruit is bright yellow and eye-catching, the flesh is juicy and firm, low in fiber.
Hoa Loc sand mango was honored to be granted a geographical indication protection title by the Intellectual Property Department of the Ministry of Science and Technology with the name “Geographical Indication of Hoa Loc sand mango” (September 30, 2009). Hoa Loc sand mango with an average price of 20,000 – 70,000/kg has brought high economic benefits to many farmers. In particular, this fruit is also exported to foreign markets such as France, Canada, the US, Japan…so Hoa Loc mango is one of the main fruits of the Mekong Delta and the technique of growing mango. Hoa Loc sand is not simple.
The best Hoa Loc mango growing technique
Seasonality in Hoa Loc mango growing technique
Not only sand mango trees, any tree must choose the right time to plant so that the highest yield can be achieved. For Hoa Loc sand mango, it is best to plant at the beginning of the rainy season from May to July of the solar calendar. Sand mango prefers a cool, wet climate, if it can be proactive with water and the right climate, it can be grown all year round.
Where to grow Hoa Loc sand mango?
The places with alluvial soil are the areas of Hoa Loc sand mango. Therefore, suitable places in the Mekong Delta to grow mango are: Hoa Hung, An Thai Trung, An Huu, Tan Thanh, Tan Hung communes… And Cai Be district is the oldest place where mango is grown.
Only sand mango grown in these places is honored to be named “Hoa Loc sand mango”. Mangoes grown in different places with different conditions will naturally produce different flavors. Therefore, only these places can produce the characteristic, sweet and delicious mango taste that captivates people’s hearts.
Preparation in the technique of planting Hoa Loc sand mango
For Hoa Loc sand mango, we need to grow from 50 – 80 cm wide, 70 cm wide so that the tree does not get waterlogged when it rains. In lowland areas, plants must be planted on a height of 30-60 cm and a diameter of 60-80 cm.
Soil: Sandy soil with thick soil layer, good drainage, water level not more than 2.5m deep, pH 5.5-7.0 and design of dike to prevent floods for mango orchards.
How to make plant tissue
Tissue soil can be field land, riverside alluvial land, garden land. Before making tissue, the soil must be plowed. Prepare manure and rice husk ash, garden soil mixed together in the ratio of 2 soil: 1 ash: 1 manure. Mix more NPK fertilizer to make plant tissue. Every year, it is advisable to add tissue for the tree to grow easily.
Planting density: Since mango is a large tree, the ideal density is 8x8m or 10x10m for easy growth. The current trend of planting mangoes at high density is about 5x6m or 6x6m, or about 277 – 333 trees/ha and then gradually cut down.
Selection of varieties in Hoa Loc sand mango growing technique
Planted mangoes should choose seedlings propagated by clonal methods such as eye tower or bud tower, which bring many benefits such as the tree will bear fruit for 2-3 years and will keep the good characteristics of the mother plant (growing good, big tree, guaranteed fruit).
How to choose good seedlings: Choose seedlings that are not infected with pests and diseases, grow well, have 2 to 3 buds and leaves must be at the mature stage.
There are many ways to propagate and have their own advantages and disadvantages in planting Hoa Loc mango. Let’s learn about 3 common propagation methods: planting from seeds, planting with tower trees, and cuttings. Depending on the conditions to choose appropriate Hoa Loc mango growing techniques.
Growing mango by seed
One of the simple planting techniques of Hoa Loc sand mango. We check the mango seeds to see if they meet the standards or not and then plant them in rows 10cm apart. Plants with 4 green leaves are transferred to the cuttings with a distance of 30cm x 60cm to be planted as rootstocks or for 1 to 2 months in the pot and then planted. Growing mango by seed has the advantage of being easy to grow but slow to bear fruit.
Planting mangoes with a tower tree
As a technique of planting mango, Hoa Loc sand has many advantages and is easy to do. Select the branch, then cut off the leaves, bring the eyes 1 week before sprouting. The branches are selected by the tower to grow strong, the wood is still green so that the bark peels well when separating. Mango trees have to take care of about 4 months before planting. This form has many advantages because it gives good yield, retains the characteristics of the mother plant, harvests fruit quickly, and can be carried away.
Planting mangoes by cuttings
This is the technique of growing Hoa Loc mango, which is widely applied because it keeps the good characteristics of the mother tree. It is possible to plant a series of similar trees to get the same quality fruit, suitable for concentrated production. . Tree branches are also easy to buy, now many places sell quality mango seedlings, people refer to them to buy.
Care techniques in Hoa Loc mango growing technique
The first time the tree is planted, it must be watered 3-4 times a day, then water it less but still provide enough water for the mango tree to ensure moisture. Use straw, hay, and compost around the base to prevent water evaporation.
In the planting technique of Hoa Loc sand mango, weeding is indispensable, because weeds will prevent the maturation of a plant. Kill weeds by using a sickle knife to cut the grass when the grass is 20cm high. Then use the severed part to close the cabinet around the base of the tree to limit pests, pathogens, and protect the tree.
Measures to handle early flowering
Early flowering plants will cause prices to drop in the harvest season, handling early flowering is quite complicated and people should consider. You can refer to the following way: watering when young plants produce 2-3 buds, old trees produce 1-2 buds, about 10cm buds or silk leaves. The drugs commonly used are Paclobutrazol 10%, dose 10cc mixed with water and then irrigated. After 2 months of using KNO or Dola 02X.
Handling mango fruit
We carry out fruit packaging and microbiological treatment to make the product beautiful in the market, and at the same time protect the environment from pollution. Tips to help mangoes easily fruit: Water the mango flowers when it’s sunny, watering before and after it rains.
Fertilize mango trees
Fertilization is a very important step in the technique of planting Hoa Loc mango, determining the yield of the tree. We fertilize Hoa Loc mangoes as follows:
- The first two years: Apply NPK 16 – 16 – 8 about 150 to 300g and 200g Urea fertilizer with a frequency of 30 days/time.
- Trees 6 – 8 years old: Apply NPK at the rate of 1.09:0.9:0.96/plant/year. Divided into 3 phases: after harvest, before flowering, after fruiting.
Prune trees, create canopy
After 1 year, we carry out pressing the top of the mango tree at a position of 0.6 – 1m above the ground, after pressing the top to keep 3-4 buds. When the horizontal branch comes out 2-3 times, continue to press the top. Pruning must be done regularly, removing diseased branches, keeping good branches to create conditions for mango trees to grow.
Fertilizer is an important factor, should not overuse chemical fertilizers but must use more organic fertilizers for good growth, quality fruit, and environmental protection.
Applying advanced science and technology to grow mango
Mastering the technique of planting Hoa Loc sand mango will help grow well, but knowing the application of the technique will help to grow more favorable. Learning from Mr. Nguyen Van Di, even though he is just a barefoot farmer, he has always learned and kept up with the trend, using automatic irrigation system in planting Hoa Loc sand mango for his garden. This system both helps to cool and repel thrips, wash away acids from rain water to help mango trees grow better.
Besides the technique of planting Hoa Loc mango, we need to regularly check the pest and disease status of the tree, detect the disease at the earliest to help the tree stay healthy and bring high yield. Common diseases in mango are fruit rot and dry shoots; frog skin disease; powdery mildew; pink fungus disease … so people need to be equipped with knowledge about disease treatment to take appropriate measures to prevent and treat the disease. Above is the technique of planting Hoa Loc sand mango and how to care, this is a difficult plant to grow, so it takes patience and persistence to succeed.
See also: Uses of melon