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High Yield Chrysanthemum Cultivation Techniques

When it comes to popular cut flowers in the world, chrysanthemum is the most mentioned name. Currently, chrysanthemum is also a popular flower variety in our country and has been bred to create many new designs and colors. Technique of growing chrysanthemums That’s what farmers care about. So, what are you waiting for to learn more about this topic through the article below?

  1. Planting season

The most suitable time to plant chrysanthemums is the winter-spring crop, in October of the calendar, start sowing seedlings that will give the highest yield. Planting this crop will yield flowers in time for the Lunar New Year.

The usual chrysanthemum planting season will begin in October
The usual chrysanthemum planting season will begin in October
  1. Prepare shelter

In order to meet the standard quality of chrysanthemums and bring high economic efficiency, it is necessary to grow chrysanthemums indoors with a roof covered with nets or plastic films.

  1. Growing medium

The most suitable chrysanthemum growing medium needs to ensure porosity, good moisture retention, effective drainage and no fungi and bacteria.

The best mixed media includes: well-composted manure, alluvial soil, coir. You need to use a specialized fungicide spray on the substrate before planting chrysanthemums.

Chrysanthemum growing media should be porous and have good drainage
The medium for growing chrysanthemums should be porous and have good drainage
  1. Planting and care techniques

4.1. Seedling standards

Seedlings commonly used today are cuttings with an optimal height of 5-7cm. Seedlings need to be healthy and free of pathogens.

4.2. Cultivation techniques

The growing medium after the pathogen has been cleaned, put the seedlings down and press tightly around the base. Because the flower tree is still young, it is easy to uproot, people pay attention to use extra stakes to fix the tree.

The most suitable time to plant is in the cool afternoon, right after planting, it is necessary to water the plants.

4.3. Watering technique

In order for the newly planted tree to take root quickly and return to its health, people should maintain watering the plant twice a day in the early morning and evening. The best soil moisture for chrysanthemum plants to grow and develop normally is between 65-70%.

Chrysanthemums should be watered twice a day, early in the morning and in the evening
Chrysanthemums should be watered twice a day, early in the morning and in the evening

4.4. Fertilizer technique

Chrysanthemum plants after planting about 2 weeks need to be fertilized. Each application should be spaced 10 days apart.

In order for the plant to have the best growth, people can also use more growth stimulants.

  1. Pest control

Pests

Chrysanthemum plants affected by aphids will be stunted, slow to grow, rotten buds, and curled tops. At the same time, this type of aphid also makes the flower plant not bloom, deformed.

To prevent this pest, people can use specialized drugs such as: Karate 2.5 EC, Ofatox 400WP or Supracide 40ND.

Symptoms of the disease are quite clear, the young caterpillars are located underneath the leaf skin, taking nutrients from the leaves and creating milky zigzags that damage the chlorophyll cells on the leaves.

The best way to prevent pests from drawing charms is to use yellow traps to lure the adults. Then use adhesive drugs such as Padan, Supathion 40 EC to destroy.

Chrysanthemum plants are often attacked by aphids and bugs if they are not regularly checked and sprayed
Chrysanthemum plants are often attacked by aphids and bugs if they are not regularly checked and sprayed

Diseases

The most noticeable symptom of leaf spot in chrysanthemums is the appearance of light brown or black circles on the leaves. The higher the humidity in the environment, the stronger the disease will develop.

The best way to prevent leaf spot disease in Australian flowers is to use Score 250ND with a dose of 10ml/bottle of 10 liters, sprayed once every 10 days.

The most noticeable symptoms on chrysanthemum plants with rust are orange, light brown spots on both sides of the leaves. When the disease is advanced, it can burn leaves, yellow leaves and lead to leaf drop.

Commonly used drugs to remove rust are: Zineb 80 WP, Anvil 5 SC, sulfur-based drugs…

  1. Harvesting, preserving and using potted flowers

Observe the chrysanthemum plant, see that the flower buds turn yellow and begin to bloom slightly, they can be cut to display and sell. To keep chrysanthemums fresh for a long time, every 3 days, people can water the flower vase, avoid watering directly on the flower.

Above is the information we want to share with you about the technique of growing chrysanthemums. Hopefully with this amount of information, people can more easily plant and take care of their chrysanthemum garden. Thank you for your interest in following the article.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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