According to experts in the field of husbandry, in fact, raising chickens in the garden is not as difficult as many people think. In particular, in order to achieve high efficiency, people must also constantly research, learn and apply techniques in practice. Do you really care? chicken farming techniques? The content of the article below will help you get more information on this topic.
Prepare the barn
Before raising free-range chickens, the first thing that you need to do is to prepare the coop for security. Choose a place with a cool and dry location to build a chicken coop. It is better to choose in the Southeast or East direction to avoid the afternoon sun but can catch the morning sun.
In the case of keeping chickens in captivity, the average density should be about 10 chickens/m2 if raised on the ground, and about 8 chickens/m2 on the floor.
When following the free-range chicken model, the average density is 1 chicken/m2. The cage should be placed in a place that is protected from rain and sun.
The front door of the chicken coop should be placed in the southeast direction. And the floor is made of the main material is sparse bamboo or mesh to ensure dry, cool, easy to clean.
Around the garden should use bamboo fences, nylon nets, B40 nets… When the weather is dry, the chickens should be released to the garden or playground and locked up at night.
Curtains should choose materials with sacks or canvas … to cover about 20cm from the wall so that pets don’t get cold, limit rain and wind.
In the model of raising chickens, it is also necessary to ensure the construction of a wastewater and waste treatment system. Besides, it is advisable to disinfect, disinfect and clean the coop before raising chickens.
Construction of grazing grounds
When raising chickens in a new style, in order to build grazing grounds effectively, people need to choose a place with open land and lots of shade. In addition, in the barn should add green grass to make food for animals. If possible, invest in drinking troughs and feeders for chickens.
The grazing area should be large enough for chickens to easily move and find food. Normally, the minimum area to be implemented will be from 0.5 to 1m2/head. If you own a large area of land, you can arrange 2 grazing yards with a barn in the center.
Like the construction of a barn, the grazing yard also needs to meet the requirements of easy drainage, flatness, no foreign objects, garbage, standing water, and periodic collection of feathers on the grazing yard. At the grazing position, it is necessary to use a barrier made of bamboo or B40 steel to ensure that the chickens do not walk and wild animals cannot enter.
Selection of breed chickens
In chicken farming, breed selection is always considered an extremely important step. Breed chickens need to meet some of the following basic requirements:
- Chicken weighs about 35 to 36g
- Select breed chickens with a balanced, energetic and healthy body
- Eyes darting, wide open
- Legs are not disabled, love to run and jump
- Wings and chickens close to the body
- Choose a baby with a strong neck, long, well-proportioned head
- Diligently plowing the soil, diligently eating, firm and large beak
Instructions on how to feed chickens in stages
To successfully raise chickens, the care process also needs to be properly applied at each stage of development as follows:
Chicken stage from 1 to 21 days old
At this time, people have to choose special foods for chickens at this stage. At this time, chickens often eat less but eat many times. Therefore, the amount of food must also be distributed evenly, thinly on the tray with an average thickness of about 1cm, every 3 to 4 times, then feed the chickens. To ensure hygiene, before putting new food on the tray, people also need to scrape off all the leftover food before.
With water for chickens to drink, at the first 2 weeks should use a trough with a capacity of about 1.5 to 2 liters of water. In the following weeks, change to a 4 liter trough. During installation, the water trough must be placed 1 to 3cm higher than the barn, alternating with the food tray. Change the water 2 to 3 times a day, then wash it every day.
Chicken stage from 21 to 42 days old
For this period, feed for free-range chickens still uses type detectors combined with other ingredients such as rice, rice, green vegetables to increase the nutrient content for livestock.
At this stage, people should use the medium trough P30. When chickens begin to grow, they will be replaced with P50 troughs. Hanging the feeder must be as high as the chicken’s back. Each feeder will meet 30 to 40 animals and feed from 3 to 4 times a day.
With water troughs, when chickens are from 21 to 42 days old, they should use 4 to 8 liters of water. The height of the trough is about 4 to 5cm above the ground. Each water trough meets the quantity of 100 fish.
Stage for broilers
At this stage, chickens usually grow very quickly. Therefore, when raising chickens, you also need to pay attention to the following points:
The amount of food used needs to be doubled. In addition, it is recommended to add green vegetables and protein to the pet to grow faster and stronger bones.
Increase the amount of water you drink each day to make sure your chickens have enough water to drink. Depending on the season, the amount of water added to chickens will also vary. To adjust the amount of water, people can base on the temperature of the environment.
Cleaning the barn
Experts also said that in the way to raise chickens to ensure a clean coop, it is necessary to do a few things:
- Clean the surrounding edges such as bushes, do not place the cage in a humid, wet or standing water location.
- Around the breeding area, it is necessary to use an antiseptic according to the veterinarian’s prescription.
- Additional litter, dig periodically to increase the thickness of the barn. In addition, the filler used also needs to be porous and dry.
- Drinking troughs and feeding troughs must be kept clean.
How to prevent chicken disease
There is a problem that people are often very concerned about when raising chickens in the garden, if infected, how to treat effectively. Here are some of the diseases and the most suitable treatment.
Chickens aged 3 to 7 days with cholera should use freeze-dried V4 or attenuated Lasota vaccine. Drop into the nose and eyes of chickens with a dose of 100 doses/vial mixed with 30ml of distilled water. For chickens from 18 to 20 days, continue to use V4 or Lasota to mix 100 doses/vial with 1 liter of distilled water for chickens to drink during the day. Chickens from 35 to 40 days use Newton system 1 phase 100 doses / vial with 30ml of distilled water injected under the skin about 0.2ml / chicken.
Chickens from 1 to 2 days old with infectious bronchitis use H120 strain IB vaccine mixed with 100 doses/vial with 30ml of distilled water and put 2-3 drops in the mouth and nose.
Chickens from 40 days old suffering from coccidiosis use THT vaccine, which belongs to alum vaccine with 50ml/vial for injection of 0.2ml/chicken in breast and thigh.
With the information we share, we hope you can build your own free-range chicken farming model. Wish you success and high income from this model.