Raising beef cattle is a popular breeding model and seems to have become a tradition in many localities. Currently, people’s demand for beef is increasing and shows no sign of decreasing. Therefore, people raising cows now need to apply more methodical models of barn design, nutrition, care and rearing regimes in each period… to ensure efficient herd. farming as well as producing finished products to meet the needs of consumers. Below, agri we would like to share with everyone the model of raising beef cattle with optimal economic efficiency.
Build a barn to raise beef cattle
Location to build barns
The barn used for raising beef cattle needs to be convenient for the cleaning process as well as for the care and rearing of cows.
People should choose a piece of land to build a barn, with a slope of no more than 15%. The barn should be built on fertile soils with good water holding capacity.
For a farm with a large beef cattle breeding model, it should be planned into zones: building areas for barns, warehouses, offices, houses, pastures… It should be divided into several barns, each area separated from one another. 300 – 500m.
Design the barn
Before designing a barn, people should refer to many samples of cages in neighboring areas and farms outside the province to be able to choose and improve in accordance with their land fund.
The barn must not be too slippery or contain foreign objects to avoid injury to cows. Currently, the common way to build a barn is to design 2 parallel rows with a corridor in the middle, the bar between the barn inside and the path in the middle should use a parallel bar or a bar at an angle of 60 degrees relative to the ground. reasonable.
The feeder should be placed right outside the hallway. Should not be built too high for convenience in the process of feeding cows.
Especially when designing the barn, people should make an extra roofless playground for cows in the back to help raise beef cattle in the barn quickly.
Choose a breed of cow
In beef cattle breeding, breeding is very important. It must be suitable for climatic conditions, for good yield and output, and for stable growth. People can refer to more information about popular cow breeds today so that they can make choices suitable for each different beef cattle raising conditions.
Select breeds that are adapted to local climatic conditions and food sources, with high weight gain. Typically, 50% and 75% crossbred cows Charolais, Simmental cows. The direct insemination method can be used between bulls crossed with 50% foreign blood and Sind hybrid cows to create a cross with 25% blood from Charolais cows and Simmental cows…
Nutrition in beef cattle
Unlike dairy cows, industrial feed for beef cattle does not need to have a high protein content. An average of 13-14% crude protein is suitable.
However, commercial feed for calves requires higher quality ingredients, no urea and a protein content of 16-18%.
Fine feed for fattening lean cows and male calves without high protein content, CP from 11.5-12%; Metabolic energy (ME) from 2,350Kcal/kg… When the molasses rate is high, long-term storage of food is likely to be sour. If you buy a mixed concentrate at the factory, you should choose a feed with 13-14% protein.
In addition, in the diet, it is necessary to supplement cows with mixtures to increase minerals because roughage often does not contain enough minerals and vitamins needed for biosynthesis and microbial activity. rumen.
Mineral deficiencies are usually Ca, Zn, P, Cu, Mn, Fe and S. Mineral supplementation is beneficial for both post-weaning calves and heifers. Allowed amount is 60g for one animal/day. Mixture in which 32% Ca, 16% P and 20g salt. It is necessary to supplement cows when eating a diet consisting mainly of straw. These chemicals are easy to buy in the market. Dry, grind, mix in a reasonable ratio, pack into bags for use gradually.
A scientific diet in beef cattle needs to meet the following requirements:
- Satisfy nutritional needs.
- Cows ate all the rations provided.
- The physical form of the nutritional diet is suitable for ruminants (straw length, fineness of concentrate, etc.).
- Reasonable crude rate.
- The feed in the rations must not contain substances harmful to the cow’s health.
- The food price of the ration is as cheap as possible.
See more: Application of modern techniques in beef cattle breeding