Home Agriculture Farming Have a clean vegetable garden at home with a simple way

Have a clean vegetable garden at home with a simple way

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Have a clean vegetable garden at home with a simple way

clean vegetable garden at home

The need to grow clean vegetables in townhouses is increasingly popular because of the fear of rampant dirty vegetables.

There are many ways to create a clean vegetable garden at home for the family such as: making greenhouses, mini greenhouses, hydroponics or growing vegetables in Styrofoam containers, plastic trays, etc. The method of growing vegetables in Styrofoam containers is very popular. . Although it is a bit rough and not aesthetic, this method is really simple, convenient, low cost and also brings the desired source of clean agricultural products.

clean vegetable garden at home
Photo: Growing vegetables at home with Styrofoam

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Have a clean vegetable garden at home with a simple secret

You do not need to spend too much effort and also make use of recycled materials and still be able to achieve the desired effect. Here are some experiences to help you have a good green home vegetable garden:

Step 1: Prepare the pot

First, you need to prepare Styrofoam containers, Styrofoam boxes or maybe old boxes and make sure they are deep enough to provide space for the roots to thrive. You can make use of styrofoam boxes, old materials or buy them with the desired size, suitable for each type of vegetable.

And don’t forget to Make small holes in the bottom of each Styrofoam bin in two rows with equal spacing for drainage

Step 2: Prepare the soil for planting

To have a clean vegetable garden at home, the soil or growing medium is an important factor. Organic soil, microbial fertilizers and vegetable seeds are selected and purchased at reputable clean vegetable seed stores to ensure the quality of soil, fertilizer as well as the germination rate of the seeds.

Or you can mix your own growing medium from coir, rice husk ash, cow dung. See more here: How to make a substrate for plants in the greenhouse model; How to mix media for hydroponic vegetables?

Step 3: Choose a place to place the pot

Choose a place with plenty of sunlight in the morning, shade in the afternoon. If your terrace is hot, it is necessary to equip a sun screen (orchid net) to reduce the intensity. Because the seedlings cannot tolerate strong light, they will burn and die. And can also make plants grow slowly, stunted. If you’re on a high floor, consider choosing heat-tolerant plants.

However, if you want to grow a variety of vegetables, you should refer to the option of installing a sunshade net to reduce the heat on the terrace to limit the sun to the floor. When using a mini greenhouse, you do not need to worry about this.

At the same time, when planting, it is necessary to add bricks to raise the foam boxes above the floor surface to facilitate the drainage and cleaning process.

Step 4: Plant a tree

Put organic soil in ¾ foam box (before that, mix the soil with microbial fertilizer). Use a trowel to make small holes in the surface of the soil and then put the seedlings in, cover with soil and lightly compact. Cover a thin layer of sawdust about 0.7 – 1.0cm on the surface of the soil and then water the plants. Thus, that friend completes the steps to have a clean vegetable garden for the family. Now just wait for the plants to grow and fertilize them to provide more nutrients for them to grow.

Note: Each bucket should not be sown too many seeds because the number of thick plants will not be enough nutrition for all.

Growing vegetables in a styrofoam container is prone to waterlogging if there is no drainage hole. In addition, if you use styrofoam containers, you can grow hydroponically. The styrofoam container is used to store water and you use the lid to cut round holes and place plastic cups containing the medium and seedlings. Plants will absorb nutrients from the medium in the glass and nutrients in the water to grow. If you follow this method, you don’t need to drill holes for drainage.

Step 5: Fertilize the tree

Fertilization must depend on each type of vegetable and each stage of development: Leafy vegetables need a lot of protein, vegetables for stem and tubers need a lot of phosphorus, and fruit vegetables need a lot of potassium. Fertilizers can be inorganic fertilizers (chemical fertilizers) and organic fertilizers depending on the choice of each person. In addition, you can make compost from kitchen waste (vegetable peels, tea grounds, coffee grounds, …) to make fertilizer both economically and safely.

Step 6: Improve the land

It is necessary to improve the soil after the planting season because the soil is degraded by the plants taking all the nutrients. After harvesting all the vegetables, pour the soil out to dry in the sun for 5-7 days and then proceed to improve the soil: First, sprinkle a small handful of lime powder into each vegetable pot and mix well. The drying of the soil and the sprinkling of lime aims to eliminate pathogens and insect larvae in the soil.

Increase the porosity of the soil by mixing rice husks, sawdust, coir …; Mix more fertilizer into the soil.

A note when growing vegetables at home is not to plant the same vegetables in the same pot for two consecutive crops to avoid pests.

To make gardening easier, you should design a watering system. If you can’t afford it, you can buy and install plastic pipes that connect from the adjacent floor to the terrace. If possible, you can install an automatic irrigation system, the system will irrigate according to the time you want and you can combine it with a injector if you like. Then you will no longer have to worry about who will water the garden when you are away. In addition, you can refer to the instructions for self-installation of the drip irrigation system along the bed so that you can install the irrigation system yourself, saving an extra cost.

An automatic irrigation system helps you to save money on care and ensure that the plants still grow green while you are away from home for a few days on business.

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