Pigeons are pets with high nutritional value, very nutritious for the elderly, sick people, malnourished children. Pigeon manure is composted to fertilize flowers, ornamental plants and fruit trees. Pigeons are also beautiful ornamental birds. That is why many farmers choose to raise pigeons to improve their income. Breeding techniques sentence which we share below will help you a lot.
Distinguishing female cockles: Males are larger, have a rough head, have a hunchback reflex (at maturity), the distance between the two pelvises is narrow; Females are usually smaller in mass, with a small head and bar, and wide pelvic spacing. However, at a young age it is very difficult to distinguish. It is recommended to buy birds from 4-5 months old.
A pair of pigeons can reproduce for 5 years, but after 3 years of laying, the fertility decreases, so replace the new parents.
If raising a female pigeon well, after 4-5 months of age, she begins to lay the first litter, each litter lays 2 eggs. After incubation 16-18 days will hatch. The chicks will be placed in the care of the male. 24 days old can be released for sale. The female bird rests after 7-10 days, then lays the next litter. Just like that, 1 pair of parent pigeons after 1 year gave birth to 17 pairs of offspring.
Breeding birds in cages, the rate of laying and hatching is from 90% to 100%, but taking care of more birds is more laborious.
When raising, the rate is about 80%, but it has the advantage that the birds are healthy without disease.
Pigeons usually give birth between 3 and 5 pm, so it is necessary to limit entry to the birdhouse and drive away rats, cats, snakes… because they make the birds panic, not or stop laying immediately.
With a barn of 200 m2, it is possible to raise 70 parent pigeons, of which 50 m2 is used as a nest for pigeons to lay and hatch; In addition, there is an area for meat pigeons, a nursing area to wait for the next birth. The barn needs to be kept clean. It is advisable to give birds a natural environment, a beautiful and cool barn, with enough sunlight, with a tall roof, a quiet and gentle environment, avoiding drafts, rain, excessive noise, cats and rats, and so on. snakes, moderate height… there is a place for birds to bathe, once a week mixed with light salt water to fight aphids for birds.
Barns, cages made of bamboo, wood, or wire mesh (steel wire) 2mm, assembled in each cell, can be made of many floors.
If kept in cage style, each cage is a pair of breeding birds. If rearing in cages, the density is 6-8 fish/m2 cage. At the age of 28 days, the chicks separate from the mother (the later stage is called the probe). Raising birds with a density twice that of breeding birds (10-14 birds/m2).
Birdhouse for breeding birds from 6 months old onwards
For a pair of breeding hens: Height: 40cm x depth: 60cm x width: 50cm. On it put the litter, feeding trough, drinking trough, supplementary feed trough.
Cage for breeding gilts from 2-6 months old
Length: 6m x width: 3.5m x height: 5.5m (including roof).
Breeder cages (fattening commercial birds from 21-30 days old)
Height: 40cm x depth: 60cm x width: 50cm. Density 45-50 birds/m2, no nest, no feeder (must stuff directly to feed the birds), minimal light.
Diameter: 20-25cm x height: 7-8cm: During the rearing stage, the pigeons have re-layed, so each pair of birds needs two nests, one nest to lay and incubate eggs on top, one nest to raise the chicks to place. below. The drive can be made of wood, plastic, dry, clean, cleaned regularly.
Feeder for a pair of parent birds
Length: 15cm x width: 5cm x depth: 5-10cm. Should be placed in locations to avoid birds poop, avoid sources of moisture and limit food spillage. Can use bamboo or corrugated iron troughs.
Drinking trough for a pair of parents: Diameter: 5-6cm x height: 8-10cm. Drinking troughs must ensure convenience and hygiene. Can use canned goods (beverage cans, beer cans…), plastic cups…
Additional food troughs: kept in captivity, minerals, gravel, and salt are needed. The size of the feeder trough such as the drinking trough should be made of wood or plastic, not metal.
The bird’s diet is 2-3 meals/day. The average amount of food for one animal is only 0.1-0.15g.
Need to feed birds enough, especially synthetic bran. It is possible to feed corn, green beans, rice mixed with a little industrial feed of chickens and ducks (meat, laying).
Mix the bird food according to the ratio: 40% green beans, 30% raw corn kernels, 20% brown rice and 10% rice mixed together. It is possible to mix rice, rice and add chicken bran to reduce the amount of green beans and reduce feed costs.
In addition, it is recommended to add some minerals and lime to the bird’s diet to ensure the bird’s reproduction and help the bird always retain heat to consume good food.
The cage must have a trough filled with water to drink throughout the day. Water must be clean, colorless, odorless and must be changed daily. Vitamins and antibiotics can be added to the water to prevent disease when needed, on average, each pigeon needs 50-90ml/day.
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