Growing hydroponic vegetables combined with fish farming also known as model Aquaponics is increasingly becoming one of the trends sought by many garden lovers. This is not only a new gardening trend but also a way to save space in your garden. The following is hydroponic vegetable growing techniques combined with fish farming For those who are curious about this trend.
Make a detailed plan for your hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming
Location of growing hydroponic vegetables combined with fish farming
Choosing the location and space where you plan to install the hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming in the garden or in your home is very important.
This is a way to take full advantage of your garden and create a unique and different design and architecture. Should be placed in places with light that is both good for fish and good for vegetable growth.
Shelves and racks of the hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming
Based on the design intentions of each person, there will be different styles of hydroponic vegetable growing shelves combined with fish farming.
The current useful shelves are usually wood, iron or many people take advantage of the old and redundant cabinets and shelves of the family. You can find these shelves in the market in many different sizes and can also order your own design if you want.
The requirements of a simple hydroponic vegetable growing model rack with fish farming must have a sturdy base that is heavy enough to place the fish tank and racks of different sizes to place the hydroponic vegetable pots. above.
Hydroponic vegetable pots combined with fish farming
You can take advantage of the old baskets, trays containing water, food, etc. of the family to reuse as a way to protect the environment. Or choose to buy plastic vegetable trays with filters of different sizes to fit your hydroponic vegetable and fish farming shelves and match your design.
It is advisable to choose smart trays with a shallow depth of about 12-15cm to save the cost of buying trays and baked gravel, on which the plants can still grow normally like growing in other deep pots.
Some necessary materials to build a model of hydroponic vegetable farming combined with fish farming
Aquarium, aquarium fish and some necessary tools to raise aquarium fish. Refer to: The technique of raising ornamental fish in an aquarium is surprisingly easy
Anemone or aquarium pH meter.
For the hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming, it is recommended to use Keramzit light gravel to achieve higher efficiency. However, you can substitute into types other natural substrates but the effect may not be as high (depending on many different care factors and living conditions).
Fish tank pump: Depending on the height and size of the aquarium, you can choose the type of pump to suit. If working under 1.6m you can choose AP 2000 or use AP 3100 if over 2m. These are the two types of pumps that are used by most people and are said to be the most suitable for the hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming.
Water pump line: PVC pipe 21 sucks water from the fish tank, pushes it up, goes to the hydroponic vegetable trays
The way to collect water from the hydroponic vegetable tray to the fish tank includes: 1 inner thread 21, 1 outer thread 21, 0.2m PVC pipe 21 for water collection, 1 T type 34-21-34 (in which there are 3 cones 34 and 1 cone 34-21 make up water trap siphon). The above materials receive the task of collecting water from the hydroponic vegetable trays to the drain pipe 34 and pouring it into the aquarium.
Technical installation of hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming
Installation of water tanks and shelves
Place the aquarium and sprout trays on the pre-designed shelves. Make sure your hydroponic vegetable trays are always 30cm above the water tank.
Install the water pump line
Use PVC pipe 21 to bring water from the aquarium to the vegetable trays. Use the corners to bend and the T-shaped pipe to distribute water in different branches to different vegetable trays.
Design the pipe to your liking. Fix with drill, screws or pipe glue.
Install a water return line to the fish tank
Install a water return line at each hydroponic vegetable growing tray
Drill 20 small holes in the bottom of the hydroponic vegetable growing trays. Install the pair of inner and outer threads into the hole just drilled to form a drain from the tray to the aquarium.
Note: The outer lace is placed above the perineum. The inner lace is placed under the perineum.
Install the main water return shaft for each vegetable floor
Use the ingredients prepared in the previous step. Choose PVC 34 pipe as the main shaft and the remaining materials will collect water from the vegetable trays to the main shaft and pour it back into the aquarium.
Installing a water leveling system on a hydroponic vegetable tray
The system can be installed with a siphon or by a timer depending on your preference. However, because using Siphon will consume a lot of water, waste, and complexity, for non-professionals, you should choose to use the Timer.
Test run the model and put it into use
After testing the model, editing and perfecting, you can put your hydroponic vegetable growing model combined with fish farming into use.
It is recommended to use the aeration pump and air duct regularly to provide enough oxygen for the aquarium and hydroponic vegetable trays.
Check the pH in the aquarium. If it is lower than 6.8 or higher than 7.2, it must be adjusted to the level of 7.0.
Note: Wait 24 hours or use a dechlorinator to remove chlorine in the water before putting the fish in and operating the model.
You can buy materials to build a model of hydroponic vegetable growing combined with fish farming in Green Balcony for advice and selection of materials suitable for your design.
If you do not know how to grow sprouts well, you can refer to the following article: How to grow sprouts simply and effectively.