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Growing hydroponic vegetables at home – Clean and easy

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Growing hydroponic vegetables at home - Clean and easy

grow hydroponic vegetables at home

The technique of growing plants without soil seems to be too familiar to urban people because this technique does not require a garden or a large plot of land to perform. Growing hydroponic vegetables at home is a method to help provide clean vegetables that is being applied by more and more families.

The house is tight but still wants to eat clean vegetables, immediately learn how to grow hydroponic vegetables that are both clean and easy - 3

The reason the hydroponic vegetable growing method was born and applied by many families to grow their own clean vegetables is because this method does not take up too much space. You can have a hydroponic vegetable garden right on the terrace at home, which is both simple, inexpensive, and considered as a pastime after tiring work and importantly, this vegetable growing technique does not take much effort. power and easy to do.

What is hydroponic growing?

Growing vegetables hydroponically is a method where instead of using soil to grow plants, all the nutrients necessary for plant growth are dissolved in irrigation water (called nutrient solution) and are provided regularly to plants. plant.

The house is tight but still wants to eat clean vegetables, learn immediately how to grow hydroponic vegetables that are both clean and easy - 2

Growing vegetables with this hydroponic method we do not need to adjust the pH because there is a buffer to keep the acid stable, nor do we need to invest in an aerator because the water is continuously circulated. However, it still retains enough essential nutrients for the plant to grow, and is suitable for growing many different vegetables such as lettuce, cruciferous vegetables, morning glory …

Advantages of choosing hydroponic methods

Compared with soil farming, the hydroponic model has many advantages such as:

High yield, less pests, remove pathogens from the soil. Therefore, no pesticides or plant protection products are used, so the product is cleaner and more environmentally friendly.

Harvest time is faster, the plants are green and stout. The amount of nutrition provided is more standard

After each crop, there is no time to till the soil, kill weeds or improve the soil because it only needs to use dissolved nutrients. At the same time, water and nutrients are used most effectively because there is no loss like growing with soil.

This method can be done on a small area but brings high productivity, is quite safe and also creates a small vegetable garden right at the balcony or terrace where it seems that plants hardly exist. At the same time, it also creates a harmonious space for children to communicate with nature.

What are the conditions for growing hydroponic vegetables at home?

Growing hydroponic vegetables is extremely easy to do, but you need to pay attention to prepare the following conditions to be able to create a reasonable hydroponic model at home.

Location of growing hydroponic vegetables at home

The roof terrace is the most suitable place to grow hydroponic vegetables, because vegetables need light to photosynthesize at least 6-7 hours a day but still need to be covered from rain to avoid diluting the hydroponic solution.

The house is tight but still wants to eat clean vegetables, learn immediately how to grow hydroponic vegetables that are both clean and easy - 4

Container for planting

Containers, styrofoam containers, or plastic pots, stainless steel pots or fruit baskets can be used, as long as the water can not leak, about 15cm deep to grow plants. More investment, you can make a hydroponic trellis for the vegetable garden.

Nutrient solution

In addition, choosing to find a specialized, guaranteed hydroponic nutrient solution is also extremely important. Because this is a source of nutrients used to supplement plants periodically and ensure safe and clean vegetables.

Instructions for growing hydroponic vegetables at home

Prepare

  • Container for growing vegetables (45 x 60 x 15 cm)
  • Nutrient solution (find at plant seed stores)
  • Plastic basket or plastic seeding cup
  • Seeds (lettuce, water spinach, broccoli, collard greens, basil…)
  • The substrate is a mixture of coconut and rice husk ash

Step 1: Line a layer of black nylon to cover the bottom and sides of the plastic tray, tie an elastic band, a cloth string to make it a hydroponic environment for vegetables.

Step 2: Drill or drill holes to fit the prepared plastic cup on the lid of the foam container, the plastic cup also needs to punch a few small holes to drain the water. Meanwhile, soak the seeds in water with a ratio of 3 boiling 2 cold for a few hours to quickly germinate.

Step 3: Mix the medium of 1/2 rice husk, 1/2 coconut fiber and pour it into the opaque cup and fill it with 2/3 cup. Then add the soaked seeds.

The house is tight but still wants to eat clean vegetables, learn immediately how to grow hydroponic vegetables that are both clean and easy - 6

Step 4: Dissolve the nutrient solution, shake it well and pour it into the styrofoam container (add enough water according to the instructions for 1 solution cap – 1 liter of water), then stir well. The water level is at least 2 cm from the top of the barrel. For a dedicated hydroponic rig, you do not need to do this, the amount of moving water will help you stir the nutrient solution for the entire system.

Step 5: Finally, place the seed cups in each small box on the lid of the styrofoam box, place the lid of the box with the seeded plastic basket on top of the styrofoam box containing the nutrient solution, so that the bottom of the plastic cup is submerged in the solution from 1- 1. 2 cm.

The house is tight but still wants to eat clean vegetables, learn immediately how to grow hydroponic vegetables that are both clean and easy - 7

After 5 days of sowing seeds according to hydroponic method, the sprouts gradually sprout, for any cup that does not sprout, please remove the cup. And after only 15 days, you can harvest home-grown vegetables that are clean, safe, and fresh for the whole family to enjoy.

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