16.6 C
New York
Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Buy now

spot_img

Groundnut cultivation technique for the highest yield

Peanut tree, also known as peanut, is a short-term industrial plant that is easy to adapt to the environment. The planting season of peanuts focuses on the winter-spring and summer-autumn crops, both of which have very good growth and development ability, so they are planted all over the country. Peanut tree is also used a lot in family meals or in the processing and export industry, so it has high economic value. In order for peanuts to achieve the best yield, people need to learn more about peanut farming techniques down here.

High yield peanut cultivation technique is not too difficult
High yield peanut cultivation technique is not too difficult

Is kind industrial plants short-term, easy to grow, suitable in the structure of crop rotation to increase the crop, improve the soil and play an important role in the process of crop restructuring. Peanut is a familiar food, rich in protein, fat, minerals and vitamins.

main content

Time to plant peanuts

  1. Time to plant groundnuts along the river

– In the winter-spring crop, wait for the flood water to recede from the field, then proceed to plant peanuts in the period from November 15 to December 15 of the solar calendar. In the summer-autumn crop (April-May of the solar calendar), peanuts are planted to be harvested in time before the floods come.

  1. Time to plant groundnuts in the mountains

– In the winter-spring crop, from November to December of the solar calendar, peanuts are planted. This is at the end of the rainy season, so water will be stored convenient for irrigation. Summer Autumn is peanut planting season mainly for the people here. In addition, farmers can plant peanuts in the Autumn-Winter crop, need to plow and harrow carefully, there is a drainage ditch between the beds, but the yield is not high, so they can take advantage of this crop to produce varieties for the winter-spring crop.

After farmers use Tien Nong fertilizer conditioner to improve soil.

Groundnut planting techniques and care

Choosing land and making land for peanuts:

In fact peanut farming techniques And choosing the soil is not too difficult because peanuts can easily adapt to many different types of soil, but it is best to choose a soil with porosity and high humidity, a pH of 5.5 – 6.5 and the ability to drain. good water such as sandy soil, light soil …

Groundnuts need to be plowed deeply, harrowed, and cleared of weeds. Then, proceed to the bed 75 – 80 cm wide, 20 – 25 cm high, make sure the bed is about 45 – 50 cm wide.

The technique of planting peanuts and choosing the right soil is not too difficult
The technique of planting peanuts and choosing the right soil is not too difficult

Preparing the seeds:

Peanuts for seeding should choose medium peanuts (not old, not young), not affected by pests and diseases, soaked in water for half a day. If in the cold season, soak peanuts in warm water of 40-45 degrees Celsius for 12 hours, then incubate to crack the sprouts and then sow, do not let the sprouts grow long. or buy in the market, at the center of seed shops. Criteria for selecting varieties without adulteration, without pests and diseases, with large, squishy seeds, bright skins, no damage, high germination rates.

Currently, there are a number of high-yielding peanut varieties that people choose to plant such as: L14, VD, VD2, VD5, L18, MD7, LDM-01, ML25, L23.

People make holes or grooves according to the right way peanut farming techniques to fertilize Tien Nong fertilizer from 25-30kg/sao 500m2, cover with a light layer of soil so that when sowing seeds will not be touched with manure, after sowing, cover the seeds with soil.

Fertilization phase is divided into 2 stages:

When the tree has 3-4 true leaves, farmers apply Tien Nong fertilizer from 20-25kg/sao 500m2. Combination of light tilling, weeding (do not cultivate the soil at the root and close the root to make the tree branch at level 1).

When the plant has 7-8 true leaves, continue to fertilize, so the middle of the row should be plowed to make the soil loose and airy.

The best way is to spray water around the roots. About a week before the peanut harvest, people should not water to avoid the seeds germinating in the soil. Right to peanut planting season then about 1 day before harvest, slap water on the field so that when uprooting, the tubers do not break. During the period of 3 true leaves and the flowering period, it is necessary to ensure moisture (70%) for the soil.

Attention:

– After sowing from 3 to 5 days, check to see if peanuts have grown evenly, if peanuts have not grown or are eaten by rats, bring them back and combine with weeding.

– Peanut sprouts, gently scratching the groundnut tree with your hand will help the cotyledons grow faster and produce more flowers.

On the day of harvest, people choose a sunny day to pluck peanuts. If more old peanuts appear than can be harvested. If it is seed peanuts, it can be harvested a few weeks earlier than commercial peanuts. After harvesting, it should be washed, dried and stored in plastic bags, barrels, in a cool dry place to help peanuts last longer.

With peanut farming techniques Above, hope to be a source of useful knowledge for people in agricultural work.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest Articles