Home Agriculture Farming Goat Breeding Techniques Shared From Experienced People

Goat Breeding Techniques Shared From Experienced People

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Goat Breeding Techniques Shared From Experienced People

Goats are omnivores, easy to raise, highly resistant to diseases, thanks to those characteristics, some households in the province have boldly invested and escaped poverty. In order for the livestock production process to be stable, and to develop the family economy more and more, people need to pay attention to master a few things Goat farming techniques in the content below.

Goat farm

The design should consist of 3 parts as follows:

  1. Animal lodging

Goat barn can be a simple house or camp, but it must be kept in a dry, clean and ventilated place, away from heat and humidity. The floor of the cage must be flat and smooth for easy cleaning, with a drainage channel for feces and urine. The best goat house should be made in the southeast direction to keep cool in the summer and warm in the winter.

Goat cages need to be designed high, dry and airy
Goat cages need to be designed high, dry and airy
  1. Cages, cages, goat stables

Can be made of bamboo, wood, bamboo or make use of available materials. All must be sure and neat not to let the goats pass through or slip through. The floor of the barn should be 50–80 cm above the ground. The barn needs to ensure the area: Male goats: 1.5 -2 m2, meat goats 0.6m2.

  1. Playground

Is the ground floor, adjacent to the barn with a protective fence. The playground area must be clear, airy, shady, flat without standing water. The playground is usually 3 times as large as the cage area.

Like other livestock, it is necessary to choose to die first (grandparents, parents) to check the offspring like appearance, production ability, adaptability to breeding conditions and selection for death. their back.

Techniques for selecting breed goats

  1. Choose a breed of goat

– Appearance: Choose goats with beautiful appearance, wide body, deep chest, healthy balanced body, soft skin, shiny fur. The breasts are wide, well-proportioned, the nipples are long and forward, there are many blood vessels floating on the breast

– Fertility: Regular litter spacing, number of offspring, high survival rate.

– Growth ability: choose the animals with higher growth criteria than others in the herd at the time of birth, at 6 months of age, at mating, at the age of the first calving.

  1. Choose a breed of male goat

Choose males with beautiful appearance, harmonious head and neck, well-proportioned body, strong four legs, two perfectly even fluids, agile body, good temperament.

The selection of goat breeds greatly determines the yield in the future
The selection of goat breeds greatly determines the yield in the future

Techniques for taking care of and raising goats

  1. Goat food

Goat food is very diverse, including: shrubs, cultivated grasses, wild grasses, leaves (compared chopsticks, jackfruit, bananas, coriander, acacia, hibiscus, etc.), agricultural wastes. (straw, corn stalks, sugar cane tops, beansprouts…), tubers (sweet potatoes, pumpkins, bananas…), refined foods, mineral foods. Forage usually makes up about 55-70% of a goat’s diet.

Goats can eat a variety of foods
Goats can eat a variety of foods
  1. Nurturing care

* Goats from birth to 10 days old

After birth, baby goats are dried, umbilical cord cut and colostrum fed immediately. Note that when cutting the umbilical cord, the blood must be wiped clean and cut 3-4cm from the umbilical cord.

– Must keep baby goats warm, do not let baby goats go to the ground to avoid contact with pathogens.

– In case the baby goat is born weak, it is necessary to support bottle-feeding by milking the baby goat 3-4 times a day. If the mother goat does not breastfeed, she must hold the mother tightly, squeeze out the first milk, then squeeze a little milk into the mouth for the baby goat to get used to, then keep the baby goat full. Continue to do so until the mother goat is willing to breastfeed directly. Pay attention to guide the goat to suck both breasts.

* Baby goats from 11 to 45 days old

– In case of raising high-yielding goats (over 1 liter of milk/day): the baby goats should be separated from the mother goats for milking, usually milking twice a day in the morning and evening. After each milking, the baby goats should be breastfed to exploit all of the mother’s milk, then depending on the amount of milk the goats can suckle, bottle-feed 300-350ml 2-3 times a day. The total amount of milk sucked from the mother is 450-600ml/day.

– For household raising and goats producing less than 1 liter of milk per day, the mother should be separated at night (from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 a.m. the next morning). The mother goat is milked once a day in the morning, then the baby goat follows the mother all day and does not need additional bottle feeding.

– From the 11th day, it is necessary to practice feeding the baby goats with easy-to-digest foods such as: ripe bananas, cornstarch, roasted soybean meal and especially young leaves and young grass that are dry and clean.

* Stage 46 – 90 days old

Feed goats from 50-100g of concentrate, the amount of food gradually increases until the baby goats eat on their own and do not need mother’s milk. It is necessary to provide enough clean drinking water for the baby goats.

Measures to prevent diseases for goats

– Monitor the health of the goats daily, do not feed the goats with wet food, rain water, mud. Give the goats clean water with a little salt added.

– Clean the barns, playgrounds, feeders and drinkers daily, disinfect and disinfect livestock cages every 2 weeks.

Cleaning the barn is the best way to protect the health of goats
Cleaning the barn is the best way to protect the health of goats

– Every day before grazing and after returning to the barn, each animal must be checked to detect those who have stopped eating, are sick, mouth ulcers, bloating, and gas for timely treatment.

– Separate sick animals from healthy ones to monitor and avoid spreading in the herd.

Periodic deworming and vaccination with vaccines to prevent infectious diseases for goats such as foot-and-mouth disease, pox, septicemia, etc.

We hope that with the information we share with farmers about goat farming techniques. The goat farming model of farmers will be built closely and bring efficiency and high productivity. Thank you for your interest in following the article.

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