Feline Infectious Inflammatory Bowel Disease (FPV) is a disease occurring in most species of the feline family, known as feline parvo disease or more commonly known as leukopenia with successful treatment. low performance and high mortality. With the rapid and dangerous progression of the disease, 90% of infected cats do not escape the death sentence, so FPV is considered one of the most dangerous infectious diseases in cats.
- Cause and mode of transmission
Feline infectious enteritis has the scientific name Feline panleukopenia Virus (FPV), also known as feline parvo disease.
As a dangerous infectious disease, spreading rapidly causing death to many cats, due to FPV virus has high resistance to antiseptics, chloroform, acid and can withstand heat up to 560C for 30 minutes, the virus lives in the nucleus of cells. cells of animals, rapidly multiplying and destroying the cat’s body.
Feline panleukopenia Virus (FPV) after being absorbed orally, within 24 hours, the virus will enter the blood, enter the lymphocytes, attack the body’s immune barrier, especially weakening it. white blood cell function, destroy intestinal mucosa.
Feral cats and cats of unknown origin are at risk of spreading feline Parvo.
The collection of cats in cages to sell to “little tiger” shops or slaughter places along with cat waste and viscera are outbreaks and a place to spread the disease.
All animals in the Cat family are infected and carry diseases that spread and cause large outbreaks. Cats raised freely, transporting and trading cats without quarantine cause high disease spread.
Symptoms of Cat Parvo Disease
While it has nothing to do with canine parvo, feline leukopenia has similar symptoms to canine parvo, such as:
- anorexia and sudden collapse,
- repeated vomiting, abdominal pain, acute diarrhea and dehydration
- severe electrolyte disturbances,
- hoarse voice, loss of voice, weakness, cat with leukopenia leading to death
- Neurological symptoms: unsteady walking, loss of balance, shaking and shaking, even epileptic seizures.
- Eyes blurred, sunken, drooping eyelids, lethargy, black nose and mouth, drooling.
- Bad breath, feces, and drool are very unpleasant.
Pregnant cats have miscarriages or premature births, kittens can become infected with the virus as soon as 2-3 weeks old and die within a few days. Cats of all ages get feline leukopenia, but the mortality rate is very high: between 25-75% of cats die in outbreaks, close to 100% of kittens.
Therefore, cats with a high risk of infectious enteritis tend to congregate near outbreaks. The management and tracking of outbreaks is quite difficult work. So when your cat has symptoms of suspected feline leukopenia infection, you should take them immediately to the veterinary hospital for accurate diagnosis to avoid the risk of infection on other animals as well as increase the cat’s chances of survival. their own if unfortunately the animal is infected.
Take your cat to the veterinarian for regular check-ups and diagnoses if your pet has any medical symptoms to help keep him healthy and happy.