Ginger is one of the traditional spices that remains to this day. Ginger has a strong aroma, and is an indispensable catalyst in delicious dishes. Currently, people grow ginger everywhere in the country. However, you already know Ginger growing techniques effective for high productivity yet? Please take a look at the following article.
The right time to plant ginger
Ginger is a short-term vegetable. The most suitable time to plant ginger is the early spring (sowing from January to February) and the end of spring (April to May). After about 6-8 months, farmers can harvest Ginger.
Should choose good varieties
Ginger has many varieties, but the most grown is buffalo ginger or ginger dé. Before planting, seedlings need to be treated with drugs such as Validacine, Phatox or Score, etc. These drugs help plants to fight pests and fungi.
If you don’t have much experience, ask the experts. They will show you how to choose good, pest resistant and high yielding varieties. You can also find reputable seedling dealers to order ginger seeds.
High yielding ginger cultivation technique
Selection of land to plant
Soil is very important for the growth and development of ginger plants. This plant is suitable for moist soils with lots of shade. If you are planting in large quantities, it is advisable to divide each field and cover with tarpaulin or net in the early stages. When the tree grows tall, you can remove the layer of netting and the base cabinet to keep the tree moist.
Should choose the type of soil capable of drainage, porous to give the highest yield. You can mix clean soil with nutrient soil in a ratio of 1:2. In addition, it can also be replaced with rice husk, ash or vermicompost in the ratio 1:2:1.
Breeding like ginger
If you use seed resources at home, you should pay attention to the following:
- Using a short knife cut the cuttings, each cutting includes about 3 eyes. Cut the smooth beam and put it in the ash to stop the plastic.
- After leaving the cuttings for 5 hours, use a tray with a bottom liner and then arrange the cuttings evenly. Then cover with moisture to prevent drainage. After 3 days, you use straw in a closed cabinet and water it to create moisture for the plants to sprout.
- After 2 weeks, the ginger sprouts will open their eyes, at this time roots also begin to form. You can plant it outside.
Note: Old cuttings usually grow more slowly than young cuttings, so you should remove old cuttings.
Fertilizer for ginger
Ginger is quite easy to care for. However, you should fertilize for the best growth. You should use fertilizers such as:
- The part of the barn: from 5 to 10 tons/ha
- Fertilizer: 80kg/ha
- Potassium fertilizer: 100 kg/ha
The above fertilizers are evenly divided and applied twice a year
If you are careful, you should divide manure and phosphate according to the best hole.
Taking care of ginger plants
Ginger loves moisture but do not let the plant get waterlogged. During the process of growing ginger, you should water it sufficiently to help the plant grow best. On average, it should be watered twice a day during the first week of planting. If it rains, you may not need watering.
In particular, ginger is susceptible to insect attack. Therefore, you should use insecticides to kill snails because they often eat young sprouts.
Ginger plants may encounter a number of diseases such as root rot or insect attack. You should cut back on watering to prevent the spread of disease. Then destroy the infected plants.
Ginger plants can also grow well where there is a lot of light, but the leaves are paler. If you put ginger in a place without sunlight, the tubers will be small and small, so if you leave them in a place with 5-6 hours of light, they will give more tubers.
Regularly clean weeds and fertilize plants to grow and develop well. Limit the use of pesticides if not necessary. Adequate water should be added for plant growth.
Although it likes shade, it should not block the light. It is best to use a net to reduce the amount of sun. If the plant grows in the shade, the bulbs will be small and few.
After 6 months of planting, you can find well-developed roots to dig for bulbs. When ginger leaves turn yellow about 2/3, this root can be harvested. When harvesting, you should be careful and avoid crushing, creating conditions for pests to develop.
When planted for 6 months, ginger begins to age and can be harvested. At this point you should not water any more.
The technique of harvesting ginger is as follows. Keep the whole ginger root by hoeing the root 20cm. Use a tool to lightly pry the whole bunch of tubers up, remove the soil that is still clinging to the tubers.
Above is the high yielding ginger growing technique that we want to share with you. Hope the above experiences will help you in the coming season.