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Dairy Cow Breeding Techniques Bring High Profits

Currently, dairy farming in Vietnam has not been replicated, but mainly based on the model of small households. Meanwhile, dairy cows are livestock breeds that bring very high economic value for people to develop according to the model of farm raising. Today’s article we will share with you Dairy farming techniques so that people can apply it well for their family’s dairy farming.

Animal lodging

– Must choose a place to make the barn high and airy.

– South or Southeast to avoid drafts, and warm sunny direction.

– There is a yard for cows to exercise and walk.

Breeding and breeding

  1. Choose varieties

As you know in dairy farming, choosing the right breed, good breed suitable to the ecological conditions of each region is the decisive factor to milk yield in the future.

The selection of breeding dairy cows will directly determine the subsequent milk yield
The selection of breeding dairy cows will directly determine the subsequent milk yield

Breed will determine up to 40% of milk production.

Food accounts for 30%.

Nurturing care accounts for 30%.

Before choosing a breed, you should seek advice from experts with long-term experience in dairy farming for advice on how to choose the best breed.

When choosing seed, farmers must choose those that are not sick, healthy and need to be based on some of the following criteria:

  • Appearance characteristics

Cows must have a balanced appearance.

Thin skin, sparse hair, bar head, small neck.

The buttocks bloom, not steep.

Four strong, straight legs, short, even nails.

Large belly (shows that cows can eat a lot of roughage).

For cows that have been and are giving milk, people need to base on it

Low milk reduction rate, long lactation time.

Gentle temperament, easy to milk, light milk, omnivorous, few diseases.

Breeding clearly, easy to get pregnant.

Choosing dairy cows like relatives should pay attention to cow appearance
Choosing dairy cows like relatives should pay attention to cow appearance
  • How to choose a good heifer (heifer)

Select offspring of high yielding cows and good fathers (genetic inheritance).

Good growth and development, first breeding before 14 months of age.

The breeding cycle is regular, the weight at 14 months old (for F1, F2) cows must reach an average of over 220kg.

The body needs to match, not too thin, not too fat.

Do not choose cows that are stunted, toad-bellied, ruffled, thick and dry skin.

The nipple position is even, the breast skin has many folds.

Do not choose twin females with male calves.

  • How to choose good breasts

Milk cow udder

The right breast is large and evenly expanded

The breast should be large, evenly enlarged and not sag above the knee.

The nipples are moderately large and evenly spaced, neither too long nor too short.

Abdominal veins are large and extend from the breast to near the armpit, the veins on the breast are prominent and tight.

The breast is soft when squeezed (skin breast), before milking, it is tight, but after expressing, it will deflate, there will be more milk.

The breast is hard to the touch (meat breast), before milking, it is tight, but after milking is still large, there will be less milk.

The anterior and posterior udders are clearly divided but not overly constricted, the two posterior lobes are larger than the anterior lobes.

Feed for dairy cows

Breeders need to be fully trained in how to calculate the ration for each cow in each specific time to calculate for the whole herd. The structure of the regular diet includes the diet to maintain the growth of the individual, the diet for pregnancy, the diet for lactation…. Calculating how many pounds of grass, how many pounds of corn, how many pounds of bran/day, and added some vitamins and minerals, it is necessary to provide adequate dietary standards for energy and nutrition in the process. milk secretion.

Dairy cows will eat according to the ration depending on each stage of development
Dairy cows will eat according to the ration depending on each stage of development

Nurturing care

– Daily care and nurturing of cows on time to eat, rest, milking time.

– Keep the barn clean and dry, cool in the summer, warm in the winter.

– Make cows comfortable.

– Timely detection and treatment of disease or inbreeding.

– Do not let the cows get hungry or thirsty.

– Do not let cows in cages that are too dirty, too hot > 30oC, too cold <10oC

– Practice correct milking technique.

Above is the most basic dairy farming technique that we want to share with farmers. You can apply this information to improve your dairy farm.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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