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Care disease in dogs – A dangerous viral disease that causes mass death in dogs

Up to now, Care disease in dogs still has no cure and leaves very serious sequelae. In particular, the chance of a cure is very low.

What is dog care?

In 1905, Care discovered the virus that caused the disease, from which the virus bears his name. The disease is found all over the world, common in European, Asian, and American countries.
In our country, the disease was discovered in 1925, in most imported dog species and domestic dogs in many provinces from North to South of our country.

Care disease is an infectious disease caused by the Canine distemper virus, belonging to the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbilivirus.
This is a virus that can be transmitted through the respiratory and digestive tracts. The disease is highly contagious and global in nature. Dogs of all species and ages are susceptible to disease and infection.

This is a common disease in dogs, especially puppies from 3-6 months old. The mortality rate when acquired is very high. Currently, there is no medicine to treat this disease. Mainly due to the owner’s awareness of disease prevention through the use of disease-resistant vaccines since childhood.

Path of entry and mechanism of disease in dogs

The virus that causes the disease enters the dog’s body through the respiratory tract, the digestive tract can also be through the skin. The disease is spread by direct contact with a sick child. Sharing food, drinking water, contaminated nose and urine with sick children.

The incubation period is about 4-5 days, ranging from 2-3 days, to 2 weeks. The virus initially causes the dog to have a high fever. The first fever lasts for 1-2 days and then subsides. The second fever was more severe. Infected dogs have complications: bronchopneumonia, catabolic enteritis, encephalitis, etc.

Symptoms of care in dogs

Care disease in dogs has no specific treatment

Care disease in dogs makes dogs exhausted quickly

Care usually presents with clinical symptoms such as high fever, respiratory difficulty, acute gastroenteritis and neurological symptoms.
The incubation period of care is usually 3-6 days (longest is 17-21 days). The condition can last for about 1 month. Infected dogs often die at a very high rate if not treated early. When the disease is in the secondary form (often associated with infectious hepatitis), the mortality rate is higher. The onset of the disease is often associated with the age of the dog. Dogs with care disease, if cured, can have lifelong care antibodies. Winter and spring is the season of care for dogs.

Stages of care in dogs

New period of illness

The disease manifests as colds, and enteritis, mild cough, runny nose, tears, fever (40 degrees Celsius or more). The fever continued for 2-3 days, then subsided on its own, eating less mild diarrhea. After 2-4 days of treatment, the above symptoms disappear.
The dog eats again but eats less, the nerves are not fast, the nose is dry.

Medieval period

After 7-14 days, you will move to stage 2 of the disease. Body temperature continues to rise (>40 degrees Celsius). Antipyretic drugs do not have a significant effect (may last 7-12 days). Dogs eat poorly, runny nose, cough like choking bone. Rapidly increased respiratory rate, abdominal thoracic respiration, corneal red and pink, eyes wet or ulcerated.

Post-production period

Postoperatively, body temperature changes to normal or mild fever. The dog coughs, the nasal discharge gradually dries into a pus form. The eyes are very ulcerated, purulent eye discharge. Excessive eye strain may not be able to open the eyes (eyes are half closed, half open), eyes become small. The body thins quickly, prefers lying down to exercise, eats little, picky eaters or doesn’t eat at all. Mixed stools (may contain blood, intestinal mucosa).
At the same time, the soles of the feet appear to be thickened. On the skin of the inner inguinal abdomen appears pink rice grain-like nodules.

Only vaccination can reduce the risk of Care disease in dogs

Vaccination is the best solution to prevent disease in dogs

The end times

When it comes to this stage, 99% is not curable (with the case of late detection or not taking the drug regularly in the first 2 stages). And if detected early and get injections regularly, there is still a chance

At this stage, dogs often stop eating completely and have diarrhea and acute diarrhea. Therefore, the dog loses weight quickly, the eye sockets are sunken, the belly is sunken, and the fur is shaggy. The dog wobbles or lies in one place, unable to open his eyes and dies within 12-24 hours

If the dog has been infected with Care for 10 days or more, there will be neurological symptoms: The dog has a convulsion or crashes into a wall. When touching an obstacle, the dog may have a convulsion or may foam at the mouth.

See more: Hanoi Veterinary Clinic

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