In the North and Central of our country, in the winter, severe cold can occur, greatly affecting the agriculture, livestock and farming industries. There was a time when the cold weather caused the death of cattle and buffaloes, causing great damage to farmers. To actively fight cold for cows, farmers can apply some simple but extremely effective measures as follows:
1. Actively source food
Usually, in winter, feed sources for cows become scarcer, especially for small-scale, grazing models. Meanwhile, in winter, cows need to be provided with all the necessary nutrients to be able to withstand cold and disease. Therefore, one of the simple but effective winter tips for cows against cold is to prepare a good source of food for them.
People prepare dry food (straw, straw, hay, vegetable leaves of all kinds,…) from the beginning of winter. On average, an adult cow consumes 30 – 50 kg of feed in 1 day. People can base on this need to prepare the right amount of food. Increasing the addition of leaves such as corn leaves, banana trees, … as fodder for cattle to save on livestock costs.
In order to effectively fight cold for cows, farmers increase the amount of concentrate in their diets. Concentrated feeds such as corn bran, rice bran, salted porridge, etc. help to supplement the necessary nutrients to enhance the endurance of cows in harsh climatic conditions, especially in cold weather conditions. , prolonged damage.
The amount of concentrate for a cow ranges from about 0.2 – 0.5kg per day depending on body weight. This type of food when cooked should add a sufficient amount of salt.
How to effectively fight cold for cows (Source: Internet)
2. Upgrade the barn, make sure the barn is airtight and warm enough
To actively fight the cold for cows, people build stables in a solid direction. This is a stable and long-term livestock orientation. When building a barn, build it in the Southeast direction to avoid direct sunlight, drafts, and rain. The cage must have a dry, clean floor, a waste drainage system, and a clean, non-slip litter.
Before winter comes, if the barn is not secure, people will upgrade the barn. On cold, damaging cold days, cover the barn to keep warm. At the same time, prepare more blankets and cloth to make clothes for cows.
In addition to carefully covering the barn on cold days, farmers need to clean it regularly to make sure the barn is always clean. In the cold season, the temperature is cold, if the barn is dirty, it will easily cause a number of infectious diseases in cows such as arthritis, foot and mouth disease, blue ear, foot disease, …
3. Heating cows
On cold days, people can use large-capacity heating lamps to heat the cow shed. At the same time, prepare more rice straw, rice husks, banana leaves, dried sugarcane leaves to make cages for cows to lie on. At night, when the temperature is low, rice husks and firewood are used to warm the cows. Prepare clothes for cows with canvas, jute sacks, pineapple sacks, cotton blankets, wool blankets.
Using cloth to incubate cows (Source: Internet)
4. Some notes on taking care of cows in winter
To effectively implement measures against cold for cows, people should note:
Regularly monitor the weather situation to be able to proactively take measures against cold for cows. When the temperature is low (below 12°C), do not graze cows in the field, in the yard, bring the cows to the cage. At the same time, move the herd out of the high mountain areas to a place where it can be controlled.
For livestock households with large herds, farmers should sell less to reduce the density of livestock and focus on taking care of the remaining animals.
Fully vaccinated to ensure the resistance and health of the whole herd. With calves, people strengthen measures to care and nurture. For mature cows, strengthen the inspection of the hooves. Absolutely do not let the cow’s hooves get wet or cold, making them susceptible to disease.
Before the cold season, conduct parasite removal for cows, especially cattle in mountainous areas. Because cows living in this area often suffer from liver flukes or roundworms… causing them to have reduced resistance.
On cold days, in addition to confinement and feeding with adequate nutrition, farmers give cows extra warm water mixed with 0.1-0.3% salt to help them fight the cold better.
If cows get sick on cold days, people need to quickly isolate infected cows from the herd. At the same time, perform disinfection and sterilization of livestock cages. In addition, people should periodically spray disinfectants every 2-4 weeks to limit the growth of pathogens.
Above are some simple measures against cold for cows that you can refer to apply for the upcoming winter. These are measures that have been used by breeders for many years and have extremely good results. We hope that the information in this article will help you gain more experience in raising cows.
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