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The International Rice Research Institute and the Center for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) have just introduced the first batch of rice samples with an extremely low glycemic index.
The 2023 International Rice Congress takes place from October 16 to 19 in Manila, Philippines. This is the world’s largest rice event co-organized by IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) and the Philippine Department of Agriculture.
At the congress, scientists from IRRI and the Center for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) introduced the first batch of rice samples with an extremely low glycemic index.
Experts say diabetes is on the rise globally. According to the International Diabetes Federation, there are 537 million people with diabetes in 2021. This number is expected to increase 47% by 2047. So, to limit the risk of diabetes worldwide around the world, scientists from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and CGIAR Research Center have found genes that help minimize the glycemic index (CSDH) of rice. Many rice varieties grown today, although of good quality, have a glycemic index ranging from 70 to 92, which is not good for the health of people with diabetes.
In 2019, IRRI found rice variety-specific markers that are of great significance for distinguishing between medium and high glycemic index. This is a breakthrough in science to develop high-yield, low-glycemic rice varieties.
Experts say there have been scientific discoveries that help convert common rice varieties into varieties with a low glycemic index while still ensuring yield and quality of rice grains.
IRRI says it classifies glycemic index levels below 45 as extremely low, 46-55 as low, 56-69 as moderate and high as 70 or higher. The latest discovered rice strain has an extremely low glycemic index of 44.
Extremely low glycemic index rice lines release glucose at a slow rate. Meanwhile, conventional rice varieties have significantly increased sugar levels in the same amount of time it takes the body to digest.
“This scientific discovery is groundbreaking, helping to convert common rice varieties into varieties with a low glycemic index while still ensuring yield and quality of rice grains.
With this research, we strive to ensure users’ health. We look forward to working with countries to accelerate the exploitation of low and ultra-low glycemic index rice varieties,” said IRRI Director General Ajay Kohli.
Sharing at the congress, former Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Chairman of the IRRI Board of Members, Mr. Cao Duc Phat said that the trend of consumers increasingly paying attention to nutrition and food quality is the mission of the IRC. is to urgently transform the rice system towards diversity, sustainability, and environmental friendliness.
At IRC 2023, rice experts will present and discuss genetic approaches and rice breeding; research on microflora and soil health; digital farming, big data applications, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, remote sensing tools, drones (unmanned sprayers), etc.