7 types of popular media for orchid players
One of the factors that is especially important and is always interested in by the orchid community is the orchid growing medium. Every time you are thinking of buying or growing a new orchid, usually the first thing that comes to mind is what kind of media to grow them on.
Below I would like to list 7 popular types of media for orchid players for your reference.
1. Pine bark
In 7 types of popular media for orchid players, the first type of media to mention is the pine bark. When playing orchids, thinking of orchid growing medium, no one does not know about pine bark.
Pine bark is a typical type of bark in orchids, but it is not the only type of bark, in addition to pine bark we can use longan bark, old litchi bark.
Pine bark has many types of sizes, from raw to fine, from domestic pine bark to imported pine bark, the price also fluctuates from about 10-50 days per kg.
Pine bark has high antiseptic properties because the pine bark contains Resin, long decay, no moss, few pathogens and harmful fungi.
How to treat pine bark before planting orchids
Soak in water for 3-10 days to fill up with water, then soak in clear lime water or Physan 20 or Benkona for 30 minutes, rinse with clear water and use.
Pine bark is also a type of media that holds mineral salts, so monthly you should flush a lot of water to wash the substrate to remove the salt. The manifestation of salted orchids is that the leaves and tips of the leaves are yellow and dry (quite similar to old leaves and quite similar to Anthracnose disease).
Choose the right size of pine bark for each type of orchid
Pine bark size 0.5 – 1.0cm: Suitable for Gia Hac (Purple scallop), Chicken thighs, Trumpets, Agarwood, Orchid
Pine bark size 2.0cm: Suitable for Dendro, Kieu (Thuy Tien)
Pine bark size over 3.0cm: Suitable for orchids Hai Yen, Ngoc Doi (Dai Chau), Soc, Cam Bao …
When buying pine bark, we should choose the type that has been treated, salted and has been milled, scrubbing the edges.
2. Dandelion – No. 1 growing medium for orchids
In 7 types of popular media for orchid players It is also impossible not to mention Don, because no one plays Lan without knowing and not using Don.
In fact, there are quite a few different types of roaches, in this article I will mention: Dwarf from the fern, Dumpling from the dragon’s nest (dragon’s nest), and Chilean white fern and forest moss
From the fern tree
ROCK ROLL: Each tree is usually 1.5m orange, 40-50cm in diameter, weighs about 5kgg, usually very durable from 4-6 years. The roots are tightly woven together, very tight, hard and quite heavy. They are usually black, not too moisturizing. The rock can be left on the pillar attached to the orchid, or it can be cut into small pieces; Can shred potted plants. Rocks are suitable for orchids with pseudobulbs, cylindriculus, or comedic orchids.
BACK UP TIME: Dumplings are pseudo-stemmed species, about 1-2m high, with few roots and mainly concentrated at the base. The wooden body is just a fake body, which can be split into segments the size of a finger. The characteristic feature of Don tickles is that it has a lot of fluff on its body. Don Cu Lan is suitable for chopping mixed with pine bark (under 1cm) to grow orchids or orchids, or use diapers to moisturize newly grafted orchids on driftwood. Drumsticks have a durability of about 3-4 years.
FIRE GRID (also known as yellow grouse, brown geyser): This species is quite similar in size to the fern fern. The fern has an interwoven root system, soft but not too tight like a fern. The ability of the yarn to drain and retain moisture is moderate, and the durability is also about 3-4 years. Yarn is often used to split the board, sawn, sliced or chopped mixed with other substrates or can also be left whole and then transplanted to form a large work.
Drumsticks are considered the best media and they are especially suitable for multi-stemmed orchids such as Cattleya, Dendro, Cymbidium – Dia orchid, Oncidium – Vu Nu, Maxillaria, Lycaste, Bulbophyllum – Orchid, Laelia (Laelia). Queen of orchids), Epidendrum – Truc Lan, Pleurothallidinae to orchid genera such as the tiny centipedes Dichaea or Paphiopedilum…
- Step 1: Rinse thoroughly with water. Shake off dirt, sand, leaves and bark. So clean that the clear washing water is always the best.
- Step 2: Soak in lime or lime water for 2 hours to 2 days. The main purpose is to neutralize acids, kill weeds, harmful insects such as millipedes, earthworms, ants, termites, centipedes, snails and slugs, kill bacteria and fungi. Or you can soak Physan 20 concentration of 2ml/1liter of water for 1-24 hours. Or soak Benkona at a concentration of 2ml/1 liter of water.
- Step 3: Rinse with plenty of water, wash away all the lime water.
- Step 4: Graft the orchid or put it in a pot or make a diaper on the orchid’s leg.
Some large gardeners often choose the solution of boiling the cucumbers with boiling water for 20-30 minutes for the same effect.
From the Phoenix (crow) nest, the dragon’s nest:
Dumplings from phoenix, crow’s nest, and dragon’s nest (depending on the locality) are also known as sponge. The outstanding feature of this species is its ability to hold water very well, often used to grow baby orchids, nurse keiki, as a compost when growing orchids on driftwood. However, there is also a limitation that can cause root rot, and can be subject to fungal diseases.
Chilean white worm and forest moss
This is the type of medium used to grow orchids or plant seeds, used to nurse keiki and grow orchids in greenhouses, especially Phalaenopsis orchids. It is also common to see orchid players used to make diapers for newly grafted orchids on wood and driftwood.
The durability is only 2-3 years, the middle of the water is extremely high, the price is quite expensive. You must consider carefully before using this medium for forest orchids.
The treatment is the same as the Fern.
Charcoal is also often used by Lan players because it is available anywhere, has high durability, and is less susceptible to disease. Charcoal can be left whole or crushed.
However, charcoal is very poor at retaining moisture, it also contains a lot of salt that can damage the leaves, and is generally slow to grow. Therefore, in fact, we should not use Charcoal as a growing medium for orchids.
But if you find it convenient to use, you should note that you need to soak the coals in water until they sink, then use it.
4. Coconut coir
Coir is often used as a growing medium for orchids, because they retain moisture well, are easy to find, and easy to handle. However, coir is easy to clog the pot, causing waterlogged roots as well as a lack of air for orchid roots.
If it is not the treated coir, you need to smash it, soak it in water for a few days to wash it off (so soak the salt for 5 days, remove the water twice each time), or soak it in lime water. Especially coconut fiber is also often used to incubate the stump when growing orchids on driftwood.
The durability of coir is usually 2-3 years.
5. Peanut shells (peanut shells), coffee husks, rice husks, sawdust
Peanut shell is very rich in protein, you only need to soak it once in lime water and then wash it. Good drainage, durability 2-3 years.
Braised coffee husks, braised rice husks (burned into charcoal but not completely burned) just need to be washed with clean water to be used. Poor drainage can cause root rot.
Sawdust wood milk apple, longan, cloth, chestnut … durability 2 years (catalog). Soak in lime water, then wash and use.
These types of media are often used for orchids, young orchids and keiki nurseries.
6. Volcanic stone, terracotta pellets…
The orchid growing medium from volcanic foam has a lot of natural minerals available, when mixed in the right ratio, it will have a good moisturizing effect, is a favorable environment for the roots of orchids to grow healthy without taking too much medicine.
Refer to Blog Growing orchids on volcanic foam
Basically, driftwood is usually beautiful, easy to find, and airy for orchid roots, but holds water very poorly. It is recommended to create many holes for easy grafting and to create a place to store moisture.
One of the requirements of driftwood is to have high durability. Therefore, it is recommended to choose wood such as Milk, longan wood – lychee, chestnut, star oil, Lang Lang … should not choose wood with poor durability such as jackfruit, mango, coffee … nor should choose the type with crystallization. Oil like pine, gourd tree…
Driftwood is formed from the roots, roots, and nodes of the old tree trunks that have been dead for a long time, so it often has a strange and beautiful shape, and is often very durable, limiting termites.
Here are some Pros and Cons of using Driftwood growing orchids.
So what are the pros and cons of driftwood used as an orchid growing medium?
Advantages of driftwood growing orchids:
- Driftwood is very durable, resistant to the effects of weather and time.
- Strange shape, beautiful, natural, orchid grafting will be very beautiful and artistic.
- Very suitable for single species of orchids such as Ngoc Diem, Dai Chau, Vanda, Soc, Hai Yen, Hoa Hoang, My Ung, Uyen cuong, etc. Single species of orchids usually prefer to be fixed for life with a type of substrate. , and driftwood is the ideal choice for them.
- Limits the parasitic life of fungi (white fungus, mustard mushroom) and is also less susceptible to snails and mollusks.
- Less salt deposition like other orchid growing media.
Disadvantages of driftwood growing orchids:
- Bulky and heavy: therefore difficult to deliver over long distances or if there is a high shipping fee
- Prices are usually high
- Due to poor water retention, it requires a lot of watering. It is recommended to install an automatic sprinkler irrigation system for the driftwood.
- Use more manure, which may require 3-6 times more fertilizer than potted orchids. Note, Goat manure or slow-release, compacted manure should be used.
Some notes when grafting orchids on driftwood
- Humidify the driftwood garden: Put the wood around the area with a lot of water, or install a misting irrigation system to keep them moist, set the automatic watering mode 2-3 times a day.
- Use a soft cloth to wrap around the root when newly grafted, or add humus, bark to help retain moisture, increase the ability to develop young roots and this ability.
- Make a solid truss to ensure that the weight of the wood is kept
- Attach and reinforce the Lan body firmly on the wooden case.
All you need to know when caring for orchids
Instructions for treating driftwood before planting orchids
- Step 1: There are driftwood (buy, ask, collect – pick up, exchange)….
- Step 2: Use an iron brush to clean sand, moss (iron brush about 20 thousand 1 or use a machine). If the type of driftwood makes you not sure that the orchid can stick to it, go to the torch or burn the outer layer. Use a high-pressure hose to spray thoroughly.
- Step 3: Soak the driftwood in water so that the driftwood is full of water and in the process of soaking, you should change the water 5-10 times so that it stops all salt or bitter, sour, spicy substances. Soak 7-15 days. If the driftwood is too big to soak, pour a lot of water and cover it with a wet blanket to absorb the water.
- Step 4: Soak in lime water for at least 30 minutes or wash with lime water or clear lime water. You can also use Physan 20 or Benkona instead of lime water.
- Step 5: Rinse with clean water with plenty of water. Then let it drain for a few hours.
- Step 6: Make hooks (hook very firmly, big to avoid breaking the hook, steel wire or hard copper wire is best.If the driftwood is too big, you should pour concrete to create a solid base.
- Step 7: Fix the orchid on driftwood, hang it on a trellis or put it on a tray, take care and enjoy.
Then drill holes to close the chopsticks to get a place to fix the orchid. Or you take a straw or a small 4mm white plastic pipe wrapped in a steel nail and screw it in. Or drill holes through to tie the lanyard fixed. The simplest way is to take the nylon rope to bundle it into the driftwood.
Today, some facilities – gardeners have combined single materials to form a more suitable and convenient medium for orchid growers and the product is often called Ready mix orchid growing medium.
In addition to the substrate, the element of watering – creating a cool and humid environment for orchids is also very important. Please refer to the video introducing misting irrigation for orchids
Above are 7 different types of orchid growing media, so what if we mix them together?