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5 techniques for raising geese bring surprising economic efficiency

The geese is the most chosen poultry as livestock thanks to its fast growth rate, low feed consumption/kg weight gain, but high and stable economic value. This article will guide you to synthesize useful sources of knowledge applied in geese breeding techniques to bring amazing results.

I. Selection of crossbreeds

– Choose the right geese that hatch after 34-35 days of incubation, healthy, agile, dry and fluffy, bright eyes. Do not choose children with one of the following characteristics: club legs, open belly button, dry legs, hairy hair, too small size, sticky anus, etc.

– Classification of male and female swans: In newly hatched swans, male swans often have a large head, long beak, larger legs and are not as flexible as the female geese. The male will have a protrusion, which is his copulation. Females, do not have that protrusion.

– Some swan varieties: domestic geese (Siamese ducks), French geese, hybrid geese (Russian mixed with ducks), …

II. Prepare the swan cage and necessary supplies for raising swans

Breeding barn

raising swans on the net floor

– The most popular today is raising swans on the wire mesh floor. The floor is separated from the floor by 1 inclined brick or 2 lying bricks.

– Before putting the swans into farming, the cage should be cleaned and disinfected carefully with 0.05% formalin (Formol) and whitewashed 3-5 days before, heated for 4-5 hours.

The place to raise swans needs to be dry, without drafts, cool in the summer, warm in the winter.

– The cage must be fenced to avoid rats, snakes, etc., to bite the swans and ensure the slope is inclined towards the drain, convenient for cleaning and cleaning the barn.

Supplies needed

– Feeder:

There should be enough feeders to feed the swans in one feeding. The food tray can be made of corrugated iron, has the following structure: 2cm high, 40cm wide, 60cm long to ensure for 25-30 geese/tray.

– Drinking trough:

Ensure supply of clean water for 25-30 geese/trough.

– In the 1-2 week period, use a 2-liter round drinker.
– 3-12 weeks old use round drinking trough type 5 liters.

Drinking water should be provided sufficiently to ensure 0.3-0.4 liters/head/day.

– Heating hood:

Gas heating lamps - Livestock equipment

A heater or electric bulb can be used to provide heat for the cubs. Use a 75W electric bulb with 1 crank (60 – 70 swan). In the winter, 2 balls and 1 cage, in many places there is no electricity to use coal stoves, rice husk furnaces, etc.. It is necessary to pay close attention to exhaust pipes of rice husk stoves and rice husk furnaces to the outside of the barn.

DSCN1308

– Swing:

Using the barrel to make the crank, the height is 0.5m; 4.5 long; used for 60-70 birds 1 cage, from the 5th day gradually increase the corral area to let the swans exercise and eat, at the end of the 3rd week, at the beginning of the 4th week, remove the corral so that the swans can exercise and eat. comfortable.

– Curtains:

Use tarpaulin or tarpaulin to cover around the geese’s cage to keep heat and avoid drafts.

III. Breeding conditions for swans

Temperature

To ensure the swan’s health and heat, the barn temperature when the geese are 1-3 days old must reach 30-32 .0C. From the 4th day of age onwards, 1 . reduction per day0C until 200C.

Density

Depending on the breeding conditions, the season and the climate, the density of the barn is determined. With moderate density, Ngan grows and develops well and limits the spread of diseases.

Age stageBreeding formMaximum density (I m2)
1 – 10 days oldThe barn has no playground32
11 – 28 days oldThe barn has a playground18
29 – 56 days oldCaptive6

Lighting mode

From week 1 to week 2, lighting is on 24/24h, then 18/24h.

During this time during the day, natural light is used. In places where there is no electricity, it is necessary to light up with kerosene lamps to ensure enough light for the geese to walk, eat and drink normally. high death rate.

IV. Food for swans

Must ensure that the food is always fresh, fragrant, and not moldy. Food must be nutritious, have enough calories, high protein content (18%); In protein, attention must be paid to two amino acids, lysine and methionine.

Need to increase minerals (especially calcium and phosphorus). Added trace elements and vitamins (mainly A, D,). 2 meals/day.

V. Vaccines for prevention:

The most effective way to prevent diseases for pets is to fully and periodically vaccinate against diseases according to the following regimen:

  • From 7 to 10 years old, get vaccinated against hepatitis.
  • From 12-14 days old, vaccinated against cholera.
  • From 32 to 35 days old, get a booster vaccination against cholera.
  • From 42 to 45 days old, vaccinated against hepatitis 2.
  • If breeding swans are raised 3 days before spawning, repeat vaccination against cholera.
  • Use the H5N1 flu vaccine according to the instructions of the veterinarian.
  • If the parents have not been vaccinated against hepatitis and cholera vaccines, they should always give the 1-day-old chick under the skin or the breastbone.

In addition, geese raised at the stage of over 40 days old or suffering from hair loss, although not dead, will be stunted, slow to grow, prolong rearing time, consume a lot of food, and raise no profit.

To prevent shedding disease, it is necessary to vaccinate the swans on the veterinary schedule, ensure that the food, water, and stables are always clean and hygienic, and provide the swans with additional B vitamins to eat/drink. digestive enzymes, electrolytes and trace minerals Calcium (Ca), Phosphorus (P), Sulfur (S), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Iodine (I), ADE.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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