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4 points to note when raising beef cattle

beef cattle farming
beef cattle farming

Profession beef cattle farming has always been an outlet for disadvantaged households to escape poverty and improve their livelihoods over the past decade because of high economic efficiency and stable profits. The most important point in beef cattle raising is breeding cows and raising techniques. Follow the detailed article below to better understand the techniques of raising beef cattle for high productivity and efficiency.

Cow breed selection

Currently, imported beef breed is being widely used by many farms because it has the ability to grow very quickly, with a high percentage of meat and good quality meat. However, the cost and investment costs for this breed are high and abundant, in addition, this breed requires high breeding techniques to develop well as well as achieve high productivity.

You can completely choose hybrid cows or cows to save investment costs, by applying good breeding techniques and modern technology to the care process, the quality and productivity of the breed will be improved. This will not be inferior to any imported cow.

The barn system

System of stables for raising beef cattle is something you should pay attention to to ensure the health and development of the cow is good. The barn needs to be designed according to two criteria: warm in winter and cool in summer.

Location:

beef cattle barn location
beef cattle barn location

The barn must be built in a large area with a high and airy location, easy to clean, and separate for convenience of living, monitoring and taking care of cows and without causing environmental pollution.

Dimensions of the barn:

The area of ​​the barn depends on the number of cows, the barn should have a height of 3.2-3.5 m. The area for each cow including a covered barn is about 3 m2 and a yard for cows to exercise about 5 m2.

The direction of the barn:

Building in the South or Southeast direction.

Barn background:

The floor of the barn should be designed higher than the garden yard and have a gentle slope to the back for easy drainage, without causing stagnation and unsanitary. Should use high-gloss floor tiles or pour concrete to prevent slipping.

The roof of the barn:

Can use tiles, roofing sheets, thatched roofs.

Feeding trough, drinking trough:

divide feeders and drinkers into groups to feed each cow according to different physiological stages. It is advisable to build a feeding trough and a drinking trough for cows with cement or use a wooden trough depending on the conditions of each livestock household.

Drain gutter:

size from 20-25 cm, arranged in both front and back with sufficient slope and connected to the common drainage ditch.

Manure pit:

Should be built near the cow shed, cemented, tiled and designed with a lid. It is possible to share manure pits with other types of livestock depending on family conditions.

Note: It is recommended to install a fan to reduce the temperature of the cage in the hot season to ensure that the THI temperature and humidity index does not exceed 80.

Necessary feed in beef cattle farming

refined feed for cows
beef cattle feed

Currently, livestock farmers are widely applying two forms of beef cattle raising: semi-grazing and comprehensive grazing.

You can graze cows on the field for about 8-10 hours/day if your family has a large area of ​​land, good grass, this helps to make good use of available food sources and does not take the effort of cutting and transporting. move to the barn. Cows need to be provided with about 20-25 kg of fresh grass per day is best. In addition, each day should give each cow about 1-2 kg of refined food depending on your family’s conditions.

For those families who do not have available sources of grass for raising cows, they should choose the semi-grazing form. With this method, cows will be released on the yard for about 4 hours/day, you can add food at the barn for the rest of the time.

Complementary feed at the barn for cows

In addition to ensuring an adequate diet and food source, when raising beef cattle, you need to pay attention to the source of drinking water for cows, this is one of the main factors determining the growth of cows. You must ensure that the cow is provided with clean water, especially in the dry season, otherwise the metabolism in the body of the cow will be greatly affected, which can reduce body weight.

How to prevent some diseases when raising beef cattle

Vaccinate cows
Vaccination in beef cattle

The most important thing to note in the process of raising beef cattle is that you must follow the vaccination schedule well, this helps the cows against common diseases such as blood clots, foot-and-mouth disease …

In addition, you need to regularly deworm your cows with specific drugs such as Albendazole dewormer, Levamisole dewormer, etc. In addition, you need to regularly clean the barn to ensure that the cows have good health. can grow in the best environment.

Here are some things to keep in mind when raising basic beef cattle Agri would like to introduce to you.

Emilia Chaney
Emilia Chaneyhttps://agrisearch.net
My name is Emilia Chaney. I'm a social girl from Romania with a big smile and 3 passions: Agriculture, Travel and Social Media. I try to make this blog practical, full of great advice and inspiring ideas.

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